AbstractBrucellae are intracellular facultative pathogenic bacteria which are able to invade professional and non-professional phagocytes. Once inside the cell, Brucella resides in a vacuole (BCV, Brucella containing vacuole), which successively interacts with endocytic compartements, i.e. early endosomes, late endosomes and lysosomes. Finally, Brucella reaches endoplasmic reticulum (ER) at particular sites, ER exit sites (ERES), to extensively proliferate in the ER. Type IV secretion system (T4SS) VirB, was shown to be required to sustain interaction with ER and consequently to proliferate. It was suggested that T4SS translocates proteins to hijack membrane trafficking processes such as endocytic and secretory pathways, regulated by Rab GTPases. Up to now, at least three T4SS substrates were identified but their function remains unkown. In order to identify Brucella effectors, we took advantage of the availability of the Brucella ORFeome in our laboratory to perform a genome-wide yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) screening between Brucella predicted proteins and human phagosomal proteins, Rab GTPases and ERES associated proteins. In the current study, we report the identification of three specific interactions between Rab2 and RicA (Rab2 interacting conserved protein A), Rab34 and PitF (protein interacting with Rab thirty four), and Sec24A and CostA (conserved Sec24A-targeted protein A). We showed that RicA and PitF are translocated during infection of macrophages and these translocations are T4SS-dependent. RicA and CostA are secreted in bacteriological culture and the secretion of these two proteins is kept in the ΔvirB mutant strain, suggesting that another secretion system is functional in these conditions. An in frame deletion was constructed for each Brucella gene coding for a potential effector and mutants were characterized. The ΔricA mutant strain recruits less GTP-locked myc-Rab2 on its BCVs. This mutant has also an altered trafficking and a faster proliferation compared to the B. abortus wild type strain. The ΔpitF mutant has an internalization defect. Finally, the costA mutant is impaired for its association to the Sec23 ERES marker and displayed a particular trafficking, with a lower association to LAMP1 and calnexin at 12 h post-infection in HeLa cells, but its intracellular proliferation kinetics was not affected. In conclusion, this work allows the identification of two Brucella effectors with a proposed function during a model cell infection. Indeed, RicA could act on trafficking by recruiting Rab2 and PitF plays a role during Brucella internalization, perhaps through its interaction with Rab34.
|Date of Award||20 Dec 2011|
|Supervisor||Xavier De Bolle (Supervisor), Pierre Cornelis (Jury), Jean-Claude Twizere (Jury), Suzana P Salcedo (Jury), Michel Jadot (Jury), Martine Raes (President) & Jean-Jacques Letesson (Supervisor)|
Identification and characterization of potential Brucella abortus effectors interacting with Rab GTPases and endoplasmic reticulum exit sites associated proteins
de Barsy, M. (Author). 20 Dec 2011
Student thesis: Doc types › Doctor of Sciences