ZIF-8 as Nonlinear Optical Material: Influence of Structure and Synthesis

Stijn Van Cleuvenbergen, Ivo Stassen, Elena Gobechiya, Yuexing Zhang, Karen Markey, Dirk E. De Vos, Christine Kirschhock, Benoît Champagne, Thierry Verbiest, Monique A. Van Der Veen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Metal-organic framework ZIF-8, from the zeolitic imidazolate framework family, shows a large intrinsic second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) response. In addition, ZIF-8 is a stable, inexpensive material that is transparent in the visible (vis) and near-infrared (NIR) window. This is crucial for NLO applications. The second-order NLO activity is due to the noncentrosymmetric octupolar symmetry of the material. We found that fast syntheses lead to a lower second-order NLO response. Consistent with polarized second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy measurements, we ascribe this to defects that create local centers of centrosymmetry but do not affect the orientation of the crystal lattice. Syntheses with slow nucleation lead to quasi-perfect crystals with a large average second-order NLO coefficient 〈deff〉 of 0.25 pm/V, which is explained and supported by ab initio theoretical calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3203-3209
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2016

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Optical materials
Harmonic generation
Crystal lattices
Crystal orientation
Microscopic examination
Nucleation
Metals
Infrared radiation
Defects
Crystals

Cite this

Van Cleuvenbergen, S., Stassen, I., Gobechiya, E., Zhang, Y., Markey, K., De Vos, D. E., ... Van Der Veen, M. A. (2016). ZIF-8 as Nonlinear Optical Material: Influence of Structure and Synthesis. Chemistry of Materials, 28(9), 3203-3209. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01087
Van Cleuvenbergen, Stijn ; Stassen, Ivo ; Gobechiya, Elena ; Zhang, Yuexing ; Markey, Karen ; De Vos, Dirk E. ; Kirschhock, Christine ; Champagne, Benoît ; Verbiest, Thierry ; Van Der Veen, Monique A. / ZIF-8 as Nonlinear Optical Material : Influence of Structure and Synthesis. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2016 ; Vol. 28, No. 9. pp. 3203-3209.
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Van Cleuvenbergen, S, Stassen, I, Gobechiya, E, Zhang, Y, Markey, K, De Vos, DE, Kirschhock, C, Champagne, B, Verbiest, T & Van Der Veen, MA 2016, 'ZIF-8 as Nonlinear Optical Material: Influence of Structure and Synthesis', Chemistry of Materials, vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 3203-3209. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01087

ZIF-8 as Nonlinear Optical Material : Influence of Structure and Synthesis. / Van Cleuvenbergen, Stijn; Stassen, Ivo; Gobechiya, Elena; Zhang, Yuexing; Markey, Karen; De Vos, Dirk E.; Kirschhock, Christine; Champagne, Benoît; Verbiest, Thierry; Van Der Veen, Monique A.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 28, No. 9, 10.05.2016, p. 3203-3209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Stassen, Ivo

AU - Gobechiya, Elena

AU - Zhang, Yuexing

AU - Markey, Karen

AU - De Vos, Dirk E.

AU - Kirschhock, Christine

AU - Champagne, Benoît

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AU - Van Der Veen, Monique A.

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Van Cleuvenbergen S, Stassen I, Gobechiya E, Zhang Y, Markey K, De Vos DE et al. ZIF-8 as Nonlinear Optical Material: Influence of Structure and Synthesis. Chemistry of Materials. 2016 May 10;28(9):3203-3209. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01087