Well shaped Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra with anomalous magnetic behavior and enhanced photodecomposition properties

Yu Li, Haiyan Tan, Xiao-Yu Yang, Bart Goris, Jo Verbeeck, Sara Bals, Pierre Colson, Rudi Cloots, Gustaaf Van Tendeloo, Bao Lian Su

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Very uniform and well shaped Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra are synthesized using a simple hydrothermal method under the help of polyethylene glycol (PEG200) as a reductant and shape-directing agent. The nano-octahedra formation mechanism is monitored. The shape and crystal orientation of the nanoparticles is reconstructed by scanning electron microscopy and electron tomography, which reveals that the nano-octahedra only selectively expose {101} facets at the external surfaces. The magnetic testing demonstrates that the Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra exhibit anomalous magnetic properties: the Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra around 150 nm show a similar Curie temperature and blocking temperature to Mn₃O₄ nanoparticles with 10 nm size because of the vertical axis of [001] plane and the exposed {101} facets. With these Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra as a catalyst, the photodecomposition of rhodamine B is evaluated and it is found that the photodecomposition activity of Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra is much superior to that of commercial Mn₃O₄ powders. The anomalous magnetic properties and high superior photodecomposition activity of well shaped Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra should be related to the special shape of the nanoparticles and the abundantly exposed {101} facets at the external surfaces. Therefore, the shape preference can largely broaden the application of the Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)475-83
    Number of pages9
    JournalSmall (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


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