Van Genesis tot Dierenrechten: Denken over dieren doorheen de westerse geschiedenis - Deel 1: Van Genesis tot de bête-machine van Descartes

Translated title of the contribution: From Genesis to Animal rights: Thinking about animals throughout Western history - Part 1: From Genesis to the bête-machine of Descartes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Knowledge and attitudes towards humans and animals have changed over time. The search for what characterizes humans and makes them different from animals has been important from the start. In antiquity, Aristotle laid with his Scala naturæ, the foundation for anthropocentric thinking about animals. A fundamental difference between humans and animals is the leading principle. The church fathers appropriated Aristotle's thinking, by which they further spread and strengthened hierarchical thinking in relation to animals in the western world. At the end of the first part of this two-part article, it is described how Montaigne (16th century) questioned again the hierarchic superiority of humans, whereas a few decades later, Descartes still viewed animals as purely mechanical constructions (cf. the bête-machine).

Translated title of the contributionFrom Genesis to Animal rights: Thinking about animals throughout Western history - Part 1: From Genesis to the bête-machine of Descartes
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)3-9
Number of pages7
JournalVlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

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