Using Local Climate Zones in Sub-Saharan Africa to tackle urban health issues

Oscar Brousse, Stefanos Georganos, Matthias Demuzere, Sabine Vanhuysse, Hendrik Wouters, Eléonore Wolff, Catherine Linard, Nicole P.M. van Lipzig, Sébastien Dujardin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In order to reduce climate-related health issues in Sub-Saharan cities, a better understanding of the spatial and temporal processes affecting urban climates is required. In this context, this paper mobilizes the potential of urban climate modelling and remote sensing to improve the understanding of urban health risk variations in Sub-Saharan Africa. The combination of Stewart and Oke's (2012) universal classification of Local Climate Zones with very high resolution satellite imagery is explored for the parameterization of a simple urban canopy model (TERRA_URB) over two cities: Kampala (Uganda) and Dakar (Senegal). Key challenges, such as data scarcity and performing analyses on multi spatio-temporal scales are emphasized. Applications for a better understanding of links between urban climates and intra-urban health issues in highly dynamic urban environments are illustrated and discussed taking intra-urban malaria risk as an example.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-242
Number of pages16
JournalUrban Climate
Volume27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

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