Major, adverse cardiac events (death, myocardial infarction, bypass surgery and reintervention) occur in 4 to 7% of all patients undergoing coronary balloon angioplasty. Prospectively collected clinical data, and angiographic quantitative and qualitative lesion morphologic assessment and procedural factors were examined to determine whether the occurrence of these events could be predicted. Of 1,442 patients undergoing balloon angioplasty for native primary coronary disease in 2 European multicenter trials, 69 had major, adverse cardiac procedural or in-hospital complications after ≥1 balloon inflation and were randomly matched with patients who completed an uncomplicated in-hospital course after successful angioplasty. No quantitative angiographic variable was associated with major adverse cardiac events in univariate and multivariate analyses. Univariate analysis showed that major adverse cardiac events were associated with the following preprocedural variables: (1) unstable angina (odds ratio [OR] 3.11; p < 0.0001), (2) type C lesion (OR 2.53; p < 0.004), (3) lesion location at a bend >45 ° (OR 2.34; p < 0.004), and (4) stenosis located in the middle segment of the artery dilated (OR 1.88; p < 0.03); and with the following postprocedural variable: angiographically visible dissection (OR 5.39; p < 0.0001). Muttivariate logistic analysis was performed to identify variables independently correlated with the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events. The preprocedural multivariate model entered unstable angina (OR 3.77; p < 0.0003), lesions located at a bend >45 ° (OR 2.87; p < 0.0005), and stenosis located in the middle portion of the artery dilated (OR 1.95; p < 0.04). If all variables were included, then angiographically visible dissection (OR 6.58; p < 0.0001), unstable angina (OR 3.46; p < 0.002) and lesions located at a bend >45 ° (OR 2.54; p < 0.006) were independent predictors of major adverse cardiac events.