Usefulness of a Gentle and Short Hemostasis Using the Transradial Band Device after Transradial Access for Percutaneous Coronary Angiography and Interventions to Reduce the Radial Artery Occlusion Rate (from the Prospective and Randomized CRASOC I, II, and III Studies)

Vincent Dangoisse, Antoine Guédès, Patrick Chenu, Claude Hanet, Clara Albert, Valérie Robin, Laurence Tavier, Christine Dury, Olivier Piraux, Juliette Domange, Karine Jourdan, Benoit Bihin, Erwin Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The study sought to evaluate the benefit of the reduction in intensity and duration of the hemostasis obtained with the transradial (TR) Band compression device on the radial artery occlusion (RAO) rate. RAO is the most frequent complication of TR access for cardiac catheterization and limits future use of this safe route. Its occurrence must be minimized. Between 2009 and 2016, 3,616 TR accesses were randomized to TR Band hemostasis during 3 consecutive protocols: CRASOC I (Compression of Radial ArterieS without Occlusion): 13 versus 10 cc of air into the TR Band and for 4 hours of continuous compression; CRASOC II: 10 cc of air for 3 hours versus 2 hours of compression; and CRASOC III: 10 cc of air for 2 hours versus 1.5 hours of compression and virtual 4F introducer as default sheath (both arms). Radial artery patency was assessed by plethysmography at 24 hours, using Doppler for doubtful or negative plethysmography. The primary end point, 24 hours of RAO, was markedly reduced when hemostasis was soft (10 cc of air) and short (1.5 hours) and resulted in a 2.3% rate of RAO versus 9.4% for 13 cc, 4 hours. Hemostasis was obtained in 89% of patients with only 10 cc of air and in 97% of patients with less than the recommended 13 cc. About 8% of patients required more than the 1.5 hours of hemostasis time. In conclusion, short and soft hemostasis with the TR Band device leads to a low RAO rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-379
Number of pages6
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume120
Issue number3
Early online date2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases/epidemiology
  • Belgium/epidemiology
  • Coronary Angiography/adverse effects
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radial Artery
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors

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