Using the perfusion method, we compared cadmium accumulation and influx across the gills of the euryhaline Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis, exposed to 4.8 μM cadmium in the incubation medium (OUT). Cadmium influx was not observed across posterior gills while it ranged from 0.15 to 6.82 nmol Cd g−1 gill w.w. h−1 across anterior ones. For these respiratory gills, a strong increase (40 times) was observed when calcium was removed in both incubation and perfusion media while the lack of sodium in the perfusion medium resulted in a 46 times decrease. For crabs acclimated 15 days to artificial seawater, cadmium influx across anterior gills showed a 21 times decrease when compared with freshwater acclimated ones. On the other hand, after 3 h of perfusion, we detected cadmium accumulation in both types of gills, ranging from 3.8 to 68 nmol Cd g−1 gill w.w. in anterior gills and from 2.1 to 39 nmol Cd g−1 gill w.w. in posterior ones. Such accumulations represent between 61.3 and 100% of the total uptake of cadmium through the gills. From these results, we suggest that cadmium can penetrate more easily into the hemolymph space through the ‘respiratory’ type epithelium present in the anterior gills but absent in the posterior ones. This metal uptake is likely to occur at least in part through the same pathways as calcium. On the contrary, cadmium seems to be sequestered inside the posterior gills, perhaps in the cuticle of the salt-transporting type epithelium.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A: Molecular & integrative physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|