'Type III secretion' (T3S) refers to a secretion pathway that is common to the flagellae of eubacteria and the injectisomes of some gram-negative bacteria. Flagellae are rotary nanomachines allowing motility but they contain a built-in secretion apparatus that exports their own distal components to the distal end of the growing structure where they polymerize. In some cases they have been shown to export non-flagellar proteins. Injectisomes are transkingdom communication apparatuses allowing bacteria docked at the surface of a eukaryotic cell membrane to inject effector proteins across the two bacterial membranes and the eukaryotic cell membrane. Both nanomachines share a similar basal body embedded in the two bacterial membranes, topped either by a hook and a filament or by a stiff short needle. Both appear to be assembled in the same fashion. They recognize their substrate by a loose N-terminal peptide signal and the help of individual chaperones of a new type.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Molecular membrane biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|