Previous theoretical works suggested that superhydrophobicity could be enhanced through partial inhibition of the quantum vacuum modes at the surface of a broadband-absorber metamaterial that acts in the extreme ultraviolet frequency domain. This effect would then compete with the classical Cassie-Baxter interpretation of superhydrophobicity. In this article, we first theoretically establish the expected phenomenological features related to such a kind of "quantum"superhydrophobicity. Then, relying on this theoretical framework, we experimentally study patterned silicon surfaces on which organosilane molecules were grafted with all the coated surfaces having similar characteristic pattern sizes but different profiles. Some of these surfaces can indeed freeze quantum photon modes, while others cannot. While the latter ones allow hydrophobicity, only the former ones allow for superhydrophobicity. We believe that these results lay the groundwork for further complete assessment of superhydrophobicity induced by quantum fluctuations freezing.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Nov 2020|
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Morphology - Imaging
Charles Nicaise (Manager) & Francesca Cecchet (Manager)Technological Platform Morphology - Imaging
Facility/equipment: Technological Platform