TMEM45A is essential for hypoxia-induced chemoresistance in breast and liver cancer cells

L. Flamant, E. Roegiers, M. Pierre, A. Hayez, C. Sterpin, O. De Backer, T. Arnould, Y. Poumay, C. Michiels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypoxia is a common characteristic of solid tumors associated with reduced response to radio- and chemotherapy, therefore increasing the probability of tumor recurrence. The aim of this study was to identify new mechanisms responsible for hypoxia-induced resistance in breast cancer cells. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 and HepG2 cells were incubated in the presence of taxol or etoposide respectively under normoxia and hypoxia and apoptosis were analysed. A whole transcriptome analysis was performed in order to identify genes whose expression profile was correlated with apoptosis. The effect of gene invalidation using siRNA was studied on drug-induced apoptosis. RESULTS: MDA-MB-231 cells incubated in the presence of taxol were protected from apoptosis and cell death by hypoxia. We demonstrated that TMEM45A expression was associated with taxol resistance. TMEM45A expression was increased both in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells and in HepG2 human hepatoma cells in conditions where protection of cells against apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic agents was observed, i.e. under hypoxia in the presence of taxol or etoposide. Moreover, this resistance was suppressed by siRNA-mediated silencing of TMEM45A. Kaplan Meier curve showed an association between high TMEM45A expression and poor prognostic in breast cancer patients. Finally, TMEM45 is highly expressed in normal differentiated keratinocytes both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that this protein is involved in epithelial functions. CONCLUSION: Altogether, our results unravel a new mechanism for taxol and etoposide resistance mediated by TMEM45A. High levels of TMEM45A expression in tumors may be indicative of potential resistance to cancer therapy, making TMEM45A an interesting biomarker for resistance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number391
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Cancer
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Liver Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Apoptosis
Breast Neoplasms
Etoposide
Hep G2 Cells
Small Interfering RNA
Neoplasms
Cell Hypoxia
Cytoprotection
Gene Expression Profiling
Keratinocytes
Transcriptome
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Cell Death
Radiotherapy
Biomarkers
Hypoxia
Recurrence
Drug Therapy

Cite this

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title = "TMEM45A is essential for hypoxia-induced chemoresistance in breast and liver cancer cells",
abstract = "ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypoxia is a common characteristic of solid tumors associated with reduced response to radio- and chemotherapy, therefore increasing the probability of tumor recurrence. The aim of this study was to identify new mechanisms responsible for hypoxia-induced resistance in breast cancer cells. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 and HepG2 cells were incubated in the presence of taxol or etoposide respectively under normoxia and hypoxia and apoptosis were analysed. A whole transcriptome analysis was performed in order to identify genes whose expression profile was correlated with apoptosis. The effect of gene invalidation using siRNA was studied on drug-induced apoptosis. RESULTS: MDA-MB-231 cells incubated in the presence of taxol were protected from apoptosis and cell death by hypoxia. We demonstrated that TMEM45A expression was associated with taxol resistance. TMEM45A expression was increased both in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells and in HepG2 human hepatoma cells in conditions where protection of cells against apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic agents was observed, i.e. under hypoxia in the presence of taxol or etoposide. Moreover, this resistance was suppressed by siRNA-mediated silencing of TMEM45A. Kaplan Meier curve showed an association between high TMEM45A expression and poor prognostic in breast cancer patients. Finally, TMEM45 is highly expressed in normal differentiated keratinocytes both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that this protein is involved in epithelial functions. CONCLUSION: Altogether, our results unravel a new mechanism for taxol and etoposide resistance mediated by TMEM45A. High levels of TMEM45A expression in tumors may be indicative of potential resistance to cancer therapy, making TMEM45A an interesting biomarker for resistance.",
author = "L. Flamant and E. Roegiers and M. Pierre and A. Hayez and C. Sterpin and {De Backer}, O. and T. Arnould and Y. Poumay and C. Michiels",
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language = "English",
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TMEM45A is essential for hypoxia-induced chemoresistance in breast and liver cancer cells. / Flamant, L.; Roegiers, E.; Pierre, M.; Hayez, A.; Sterpin, C.; De Backer, O.; Arnould, T.; Poumay, Y.; Michiels, C.

In: Molecular Cancer, Vol. 12, No. 1, 391, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - TMEM45A is essential for hypoxia-induced chemoresistance in breast and liver cancer cells

AU - Flamant, L.

AU - Roegiers, E.

AU - Pierre, M.

AU - Hayez, A.

AU - Sterpin, C.

AU - De Backer, O.

AU - Arnould, T.

AU - Poumay, Y.

AU - Michiels, C.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypoxia is a common characteristic of solid tumors associated with reduced response to radio- and chemotherapy, therefore increasing the probability of tumor recurrence. The aim of this study was to identify new mechanisms responsible for hypoxia-induced resistance in breast cancer cells. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 and HepG2 cells were incubated in the presence of taxol or etoposide respectively under normoxia and hypoxia and apoptosis were analysed. A whole transcriptome analysis was performed in order to identify genes whose expression profile was correlated with apoptosis. The effect of gene invalidation using siRNA was studied on drug-induced apoptosis. RESULTS: MDA-MB-231 cells incubated in the presence of taxol were protected from apoptosis and cell death by hypoxia. We demonstrated that TMEM45A expression was associated with taxol resistance. TMEM45A expression was increased both in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells and in HepG2 human hepatoma cells in conditions where protection of cells against apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic agents was observed, i.e. under hypoxia in the presence of taxol or etoposide. Moreover, this resistance was suppressed by siRNA-mediated silencing of TMEM45A. Kaplan Meier curve showed an association between high TMEM45A expression and poor prognostic in breast cancer patients. Finally, TMEM45 is highly expressed in normal differentiated keratinocytes both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that this protein is involved in epithelial functions. CONCLUSION: Altogether, our results unravel a new mechanism for taxol and etoposide resistance mediated by TMEM45A. High levels of TMEM45A expression in tumors may be indicative of potential resistance to cancer therapy, making TMEM45A an interesting biomarker for resistance.

AB - ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypoxia is a common characteristic of solid tumors associated with reduced response to radio- and chemotherapy, therefore increasing the probability of tumor recurrence. The aim of this study was to identify new mechanisms responsible for hypoxia-induced resistance in breast cancer cells. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 and HepG2 cells were incubated in the presence of taxol or etoposide respectively under normoxia and hypoxia and apoptosis were analysed. A whole transcriptome analysis was performed in order to identify genes whose expression profile was correlated with apoptosis. The effect of gene invalidation using siRNA was studied on drug-induced apoptosis. RESULTS: MDA-MB-231 cells incubated in the presence of taxol were protected from apoptosis and cell death by hypoxia. We demonstrated that TMEM45A expression was associated with taxol resistance. TMEM45A expression was increased both in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells and in HepG2 human hepatoma cells in conditions where protection of cells against apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic agents was observed, i.e. under hypoxia in the presence of taxol or etoposide. Moreover, this resistance was suppressed by siRNA-mediated silencing of TMEM45A. Kaplan Meier curve showed an association between high TMEM45A expression and poor prognostic in breast cancer patients. Finally, TMEM45 is highly expressed in normal differentiated keratinocytes both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that this protein is involved in epithelial functions. CONCLUSION: Altogether, our results unravel a new mechanism for taxol and etoposide resistance mediated by TMEM45A. High levels of TMEM45A expression in tumors may be indicative of potential resistance to cancer therapy, making TMEM45A an interesting biomarker for resistance.

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U2 - 10.1186/1471-2407-12-391

DO - 10.1186/1471-2407-12-391

M3 - Article

C2 - 22954140

VL - 12

JO - Molecular Cancer

JF - Molecular Cancer

SN - 1476-4598

IS - 1

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