Tinnitus and psychiatric comorbidities in liaison psychiatry analysis of three years in an audiophonology centre

Denis Jacques, Yves Nozeret, Nicolas Zdanowicz, Christine Reynaert, Pierre Garin, Chantal Gilain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Patients who are suffering from tinnitus are rarely directly referred to an audiophonology centre. Often, they have tried several medications and met with several doctors. Sometimes, they are also referred too quickly to a psychiatrist without a complete ENT assessment. Nevertheless, they frequently develop psychiatric comorbidities in regard to the tinnitus. Subject and methods: On the basis of structured interviews with the "Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview" and on a review of records, we assessed the associated psychiatric diagnoses in patients who consulted for tinnitus as their main complaint at the audiophonology centre from the University Hospital Centre of Mont-Godinne-Dinant between 2009 and 2012 Results: Of the 80 patients who consulted for tinnitus, 28% suffered from a major depressive disorder, 27.5% from a somatoform disorder, 23.7% from sleep disorder, 22.5% from an anxiety disorder and 16% from alcoholic dependence. Discussion: On the basis of these results, we developed clinical considerations concerning the treatment approach and options for patients suffering from tinnitus with psychiatric comorbidities. Conclusion: The interdisciplinary approach (ENT and liaison psychiatry) in an audiophonology centre seems to be a factor for better treatment adherence for patients with severe and chronic tinnitus.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychiatria Danubina
Volume25
Issue numberSUPPL.2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Liaison psychiatry
  • Psychiatric comorbidities
  • Psychosomatic
  • Tinnitus

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