The three main steps of the Marrakech High Atlas building in Morocco: Structural evidences from the southern foreland, Imini area

Rémi Leprêtre, Yves Missenard, Bertrand Saint-Bezar, Jocelyn Barbarand, Guillaume Delpech, Johan Yans, Augustin Dekoninck, Omar Saddiqi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The timing of Cenozoic deformation in the intraplate orogen of the High Atlas of Morocco is still a matter of debate. In this work, the deformation calendar has been studied in the southern foreland of the Marrakech High Atlas. Using a structural approach and the mapping of the Cenomanian-Turonian reference layer, we propose a coherent chronology of deformation that proceeded in three stages: (i) a Late Eocene event that set local and minor structures, barely visible nowadays, but important enough to trigger the record of a first detrital pulse; (ii) an Early(?)-Middle Miocene event that is not related to important shortening, setting gravity "sheets" that provoke cover deformation and feed a second detrital pulse; (iii) a Late Pliocene-Quaternary event that is mainly observed through the activity of basement features like the South Atlas Front of the Imini Fault in our studied area and reworks earlier structures. This calendar can partially fit to the geodynamic changes occurring in the western Mediterranean realm during the Cenozoic. Specifically, the Early(?)-Middle Miocene stage of deformation is suggested to be intrinsic to Morocco.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberAES 2280
Pages (from-to)177-194
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of African Earth Sciences
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Cover deformation
  • Gravity sliding
  • High Atlas
  • Morocco
  • Thick-skinned tectonics

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