The Key Role of Mitochondria in Somatic Stem Cell Differentiation: From Mitochondrial Asymmetric Apportioning to Cell Fate

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Abstract

The study of the mechanisms underlying stem cell differentiation is under intensive research and includes the contribution of a metabolic switch from glycolytic to oxidative metabolism. While mitochondrial biogenesis has been previously demonstrated in number of differentiation models, it is only recently that the role of mitochondrial dynamics has started to be explored. The discovery of asymmetric distribution of mitochondria in stem cell progeny has strengthened the interest in the field. This review attempts to summarize the regulation of mitochondrial asymmetric apportioning by the mitochondrial fusion, fission, and mitophagy processes as well as emphasize how asymmetric mitochondrial apportioning in stem cells affects their metabolism, and thus epigenetics, and determines cell fate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12181
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • asymmetric
  • differentiation
  • epigenetic
  • metabolism
  • mitochondria
  • RISP
  • stem cell

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