Synthesis and high-throughput testing of multilayered supported ionic liquid catalysts for the conversion of CO2 and epoxides into cyclic carbonates

Paola Agrigento, Syed M. Al-Amsyar, Benjamin Sorée, Masoumeh Taherimehr, Michelangelo Gruttadauria, Carmela Aprile, Paolo P. Pescarmona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Multilayered covalently supported ionic liquid phase (mlc-SILP) materials were synthesised by grafting different bis-vinylimidazolium salts on thiol-functionalised silica. These materials, which contain a cross-linked oligomeric network of imidazolium units, were characterised and tested as catalysts for the reaction of carbon dioxide with various epoxides to produce cyclic carbonates. The materials prepared by supporting a bis-imidazolium iodide salt with xylene or octane as a linker between the imidazolium units were identified as the most active catalysts and displayed high turnover numbers and improved productivity compared to known supported ionic liquid catalysts. The most promising mlc-SILP catalysts were further studied to tune the reaction conditions towards optimum catalytic performance and to investigate their versatility with different substrates and their reusability. The rapid and parallel screening of the catalysts was efficiently carried out by means of high-throughput (HT) experimentation. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1598-1607
Number of pages10
JournalCatalysis Science and Technology
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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