Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD: evaluation of a new self-report

Rosetta Nicastro, Martin Desseilles, Paco Prada, Sébastien Weibel, Nader Perroud, Marianne Gex-Fabry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The current study aims at documenting the psychometric properties of the Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD-Self-Report (SDAAA-SR), a newly developed instrument for the assessment of psychological suffering in ADHD adults. The SDAAA-SR was administered to 247 students and 142 ADHD adults. Factor structure, internal consistency, test–retest reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity were assessed. Sensitivity to change was examined in a subsample of 25 ADHD patients who participated in a 1-year therapy. The initial pool of 62 items was reduced to 33 items distributed in a three-component structure. Internal consistency was excellent for the “distress due to inattention/disorganization” subscale and good for the “distress due to hyperactivity/impulsivity” and “distress due to self-esteem deficit” subscales. Test–retest reliability in a subsample of 98 students was substantial for all three subscales. ADHD patients scored significantly higher than students on distress due to “inattention/disorganization” and “hyperactivity/impulsivity,” but no difference was observed for “self-esteem deficit.” The components “inattention/disorganization” and “hyperactivity/impulsivity” displayed moderate to large correlations with the corresponding dimensions of the Adult Self-Report Scale for ADHD (ASRS-V1.1). Distress due to “inattention/disorganization” and “self-esteem deficit” was significantly associated with lower satisfaction with social behaviors (QFS, social functioning questionnaire) and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF). Distress due to “inattention/disorganization” and “self-esteem deficit” significantly decreased after a 1-year therapy. The SDAAA-SR represents a reliable and valid measure of adult ADHD-associated distress, an important but often undocumented parameter in the clinical setting. Its use as an outcome variable in psychological interventions deserves further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-86
Number of pages10
JournalAttention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

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Self Concept
Self Report
Impulsive Behavior
Students
Psychology
Social Behavior
Psychological Stress
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Quality of Life
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Adult
  • Instrument validation
  • Psychological distress

Cite this

Nicastro, Rosetta ; Desseilles, Martin ; Prada, Paco ; Weibel, Sébastien ; Perroud, Nader ; Gex-Fabry, Marianne. / Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD : evaluation of a new self-report. In: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 77-86.
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Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD : evaluation of a new self-report. / Nicastro, Rosetta; Desseilles, Martin; Prada, Paco; Weibel, Sébastien; Perroud, Nader; Gex-Fabry, Marianne.

In: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.03.2018, p. 77-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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