Subcellular localization and modification with ageing of glutathione, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase activities in human fibroblasts

F. Mbemba, A. Houbion, Martine Raes, J. Remacle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Differential centrifugation and isopycnic equilibration in density gradients were used to localize glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase in the subcellular organelles of WI-38 fibroblasts. GSH was present in all the subcellular fractions, whereas the glutathione peroxidase and reductase activities were restrained to the cytoplasm and the mitochondrial fractions. After equilibration in density gradients, the results showed the presence of GSH, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase in both the cytoplasm and mitochondria. GSH was also located in plasma membranes and probably in peroxisomes, endoplasmic reticulum and lysosomal membranes. Evolution of GSH in ageing fibroblasts showed a sudden increase of its concentration just before cell death. The glutathione peroxidase activity already decreases in the early passages, while the decrease of the glutathione reductase activity was constant and reached a drastic low level at the end of the culture. In conclusion, GSH is probably involved in the cell degeneration associated with ageing but because of its multiple functions and its ubiquitious localization, it is difficult to assert to which extent this metabolite is implicated in the ageing process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Volume838
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1985

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