Spatial resonant periodic orbits in the restricted three-body problem

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The quest of exo-Earths has become a prominent field. In this work, we study the stability of non-coplanar planetary configurations consisting of an inclined inner terrestrial planet in mean-motion resonance with an outer giant planet. We examine the families of circular and elliptic symmetric periodic orbits with respect to the vertical stability, and identify the vertical critical orbits from which the spatial families emanate. We showcase that stable spatial periodic orbits can exist for both prograde and retrograde motions in 3/2, 2/1, 5/2, 3/1, 4/1, and 5/1 resonances for broad ranges of inclinations, when the giant evolves on a circular orbit. When the orbit of the giant is elliptic, only the 2/1 resonance has stable periodic orbits up to high inclinations, while the 3/1, 4/1, and 5/1 resonances possess segments of stability for low inclinations. Furthermore, we show that regular motion can also take place in the vicinity of both horizontally and vertically stable planar periodic orbits, even for very high inclinations. Finally, the results are discussed in the context of asteroid dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2923-2940
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • chaos
  • celestial mechanics
  • planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability
  • planets and satellites: terrestrial planets
  • minor planets
  • asteroids: general
  • Chaos
  • Planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability
  • Minor planets, asteroids: general
  • Planets and satellites: terrestrial planets
  • Celestial mechanics


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