Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Susceptibilities of Metal-Organic Frameworks Using a Combined Local Field Theory/Charge Embedding Electrostatic Scheme

Tomasz Seidler, Benoît Champagne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The linear (χ(1)) and second-order nonlinear (χ(2)) optical properties of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been evaluated and interpreted by employing the combined local field theory/charge embedding approach. Three MOFs have been selected, the isostructural bis{4-[2-(4-pyridyl)ethenyl]benzoato}-zinc(II) (PEB-Zn) and bis{4-[2-(4-pyridyl)ethenyl]benzoato}-cadmium(II) (PEB-Cd) and bis{4-[3-(4-pyridyl)ethenyl]benzoato}-cadmium(II) (PEB′-Cd). The simulations, employing the Møller-Plesset second-order perturbation theory level to describe the ion properties, conclude that (i) χ(2) of PEB-Zn (∼60 pm/V at 1064 nm) is about 10% larger than that of PEB-Cd, (ii) χ(2) of PEB′-Cd attains 100 pm/V at 1064 nm [i.e., twice more than that of PEB-Cd or an amplitude similar to that of the 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)-3-acetamidonitrobenzene (DAN) molecular crystal] and (iii) the change of crystal structure accompanying an increase of temperature from 173 to 298 K leads to a decrease of χ(2) by ca. 10%. For the isostructural PEB-Zn and PEB-Cd, the outcome of Kurtz-Perry SHG powder method has been simulated as a function of the grain size, demonstrating that differences between the two MOFs only show up for room temperature structures. A value of 1.29 was estimated for the PEB-Zn/PEB-Cd contrast ratio, in qualitative agreement with experiment (1.16). This work opens the way toward a theoretically based design of MOFs with outstanding second-order nonlinear optical responses. (Graph Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6741-6749
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016

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