Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts

Hanna Weise, Harald Auge, Cornelia Baessler, Ilona Bärlund, Elene M. Bennett, Uta Berger, Friedrich Bohn, Aletta Bonn, Dietrich Borchardt, Fridolin Brand, Antonis Chatzinotas, Ron Corstanje, Frederik De Laender, Peter Dietrich, Susanne Dunker, Walter Durka, Ioan Fazey, Juergen Groeneveld, Camille S. E. Guilbaud, Hauke HarmsStanley Harpole, Jim Harris, Kurt Jax, Florian Jeltsch, Karin Johst, Jasmine Joshi, Stefan Klotz, Ingolf Kühn, Christian Kuhlicke, Birgit Müller, Viktoriia Radchuk, Hauke Reuter, Karsten Rinke, Mechtild Schmitt–Jansen, R. Seppelt, Alexander Singer, Rachel J. Standish, Hans H. Thulke, Britta Tietjen, Markus Weitere, Christian Wirth, Christine Wolf, Volker Grimm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ensuring ecosystem resilience is an intuitive approach to safeguard the functioning of ecosystems and hence the future provisioning of ecosystem services (ES). However, resilience is a multi-faceted concept that is difficult to operationalize. Focusing on resilience mechanisms, such as diversity, network architectures or adaptive capacity, has recently been suggested as means to operationalize resilience. Still, the focus on mechanisms is not specific enough. We suggest a conceptual framework, resilience trinity, to facilitate management based on resilience mechanisms in three distinctive decision contexts and time-horizons: 1) reactive, when there is an imminent threat to ES resilience and a high pressure to act, 2) adjustive, when the threat is known in general but there is still time to adapt management and 3) provident, when time horizons are very long and the nature of the threats is uncertain, leading to a low willingness to act. Resilience has different interpretations and implications at these different time horizons, which also prevail in different disciplines. Social ecology, ecology and engineering are often implicitly focussing on provident, adjustive or reactive resilience, respectively, but these different notions of resilience and their corresponding social, ecological and economic tradeoffs need to be reconciled. Otherwise, we keep risking unintended consequences of reactive actions, or shying away from provident action because of uncertainties that cannot be reduced. The suggested trinity of time horizons and their decision contexts could help ensuring that longer-term management actions are not missed while urgent threats to ES are given priority.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOIKOS
Volumen/a
Issue numbern/a
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 13 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

ecosystem services
ecosystem service
ecosystems
ecosystem
social environment
ecosystem resilience
engineering
ecology
uncertainty
economics
conceptual framework
decision
services
ecological resilience

Keywords

  • resilience
  • ecosystems
  • concepts
  • ecosystem services provisioning
  • management

Cite this

Weise, H., Auge, H., Baessler, C., Bärlund, I., Bennett, E. M., Berger, U., ... Grimm, V. (Accepted/In press). Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts. OIKOS, n/a(n/a). https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.07213
Weise, Hanna ; Auge, Harald ; Baessler, Cornelia ; Bärlund, Ilona ; Bennett, Elene M. ; Berger, Uta ; Bohn, Friedrich ; Bonn, Aletta ; Borchardt, Dietrich ; Brand, Fridolin ; Chatzinotas, Antonis ; Corstanje, Ron ; Laender, Frederik De ; Dietrich, Peter ; Dunker, Susanne ; Durka, Walter ; Fazey, Ioan ; Groeneveld, Juergen ; Guilbaud, Camille S. E. ; Harms, Hauke ; Harpole, Stanley ; Harris, Jim ; Jax, Kurt ; Jeltsch, Florian ; Johst, Karin ; Joshi, Jasmine ; Klotz, Stefan ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Kuhlicke, Christian ; Müller, Birgit ; Radchuk, Viktoriia ; Reuter, Hauke ; Rinke, Karsten ; Schmitt–Jansen, Mechtild ; Seppelt, R. ; Singer, Alexander ; Standish, Rachel J. ; Thulke, Hans H. ; Tietjen, Britta ; Weitere, Markus ; Wirth, Christian ; Wolf, Christine ; Grimm, Volker. / Resilience trinity : safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts. In: OIKOS. 2020 ; Vol. n/a, No. n/a.
@article{ffe80e8aa0984a78a0cb64a74b64514a,
title = "Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts",
abstract = "Ensuring ecosystem resilience is an intuitive approach to safeguard the functioning of ecosystems and hence the future provisioning of ecosystem services (ES). However, resilience is a multi-faceted concept that is difficult to operationalize. Focusing on resilience mechanisms, such as diversity, network architectures or adaptive capacity, has recently been suggested as means to operationalize resilience. Still, the focus on mechanisms is not specific enough. We suggest a conceptual framework, resilience trinity, to facilitate management based on resilience mechanisms in three distinctive decision contexts and time-horizons: 1) reactive, when there is an imminent threat to ES resilience and a high pressure to act, 2) adjustive, when the threat is known in general but there is still time to adapt management and 3) provident, when time horizons are very long and the nature of the threats is uncertain, leading to a low willingness to act. Resilience has different interpretations and implications at these different time horizons, which also prevail in different disciplines. Social ecology, ecology and engineering are often implicitly focussing on provident, adjustive or reactive resilience, respectively, but these different notions of resilience and their corresponding social, ecological and economic tradeoffs need to be reconciled. Otherwise, we keep risking unintended consequences of reactive actions, or shying away from provident action because of uncertainties that cannot be reduced. The suggested trinity of time horizons and their decision contexts could help ensuring that longer-term management actions are not missed while urgent threats to ES are given priority.",
keywords = "resilience, ecosystems, concepts, ecosystem services provisioning, management",
author = "Hanna Weise and Harald Auge and Cornelia Baessler and Ilona B{\"a}rlund and Bennett, {Elene M.} and Uta Berger and Friedrich Bohn and Aletta Bonn and Dietrich Borchardt and Fridolin Brand and Antonis Chatzinotas and Ron Corstanje and Laender, {Frederik De} and Peter Dietrich and Susanne Dunker and Walter Durka and Ioan Fazey and Juergen Groeneveld and Guilbaud, {Camille S. E.} and Hauke Harms and Stanley Harpole and Jim Harris and Kurt Jax and Florian Jeltsch and Karin Johst and Jasmine Joshi and Stefan Klotz and Ingolf K{\"u}hn and Christian Kuhlicke and Birgit M{\"u}ller and Viktoriia Radchuk and Hauke Reuter and Karsten Rinke and Mechtild Schmitt–Jansen and R. Seppelt and Alexander Singer and Standish, {Rachel J.} and Thulke, {Hans H.} and Britta Tietjen and Markus Weitere and Christian Wirth and Christine Wolf and Volker Grimm",
note = "doi: 10.1111/oik.07213",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1111/oik.07213",
language = "English",
volume = "n/a",
journal = "OIKOS",
issn = "0030-1299",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "n/a",

}

Weise, H, Auge, H, Baessler, C, Bärlund, I, Bennett, EM, Berger, U, Bohn, F, Bonn, A, Borchardt, D, Brand, F, Chatzinotas, A, Corstanje, R, Laender, FD, Dietrich, P, Dunker, S, Durka, W, Fazey, I, Groeneveld, J, Guilbaud, CSE, Harms, H, Harpole, S, Harris, J, Jax, K, Jeltsch, F, Johst, K, Joshi, J, Klotz, S, Kühn, I, Kuhlicke, C, Müller, B, Radchuk, V, Reuter, H, Rinke, K, Schmitt–Jansen, M, Seppelt, R, Singer, A, Standish, RJ, Thulke, HH, Tietjen, B, Weitere, M, Wirth, C, Wolf, C & Grimm, V 2020, 'Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts', OIKOS, vol. n/a, no. n/a. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.07213

Resilience trinity : safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts. / Weise, Hanna; Auge, Harald; Baessler, Cornelia; Bärlund, Ilona; Bennett, Elene M.; Berger, Uta; Bohn, Friedrich; Bonn, Aletta; Borchardt, Dietrich; Brand, Fridolin; Chatzinotas, Antonis; Corstanje, Ron; Laender, Frederik De; Dietrich, Peter; Dunker, Susanne; Durka, Walter; Fazey, Ioan; Groeneveld, Juergen; Guilbaud, Camille S. E.; Harms, Hauke; Harpole, Stanley; Harris, Jim; Jax, Kurt; Jeltsch, Florian; Johst, Karin; Joshi, Jasmine; Klotz, Stefan; Kühn, Ingolf; Kuhlicke, Christian; Müller, Birgit; Radchuk, Viktoriia; Reuter, Hauke; Rinke, Karsten; Schmitt–Jansen, Mechtild; Seppelt, R.; Singer, Alexander; Standish, Rachel J.; Thulke, Hans H.; Tietjen, Britta; Weitere, Markus; Wirth, Christian; Wolf, Christine; Grimm, Volker.

In: OIKOS, Vol. n/a, No. n/a, 13.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Resilience trinity

T2 - safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts

AU - Weise, Hanna

AU - Auge, Harald

AU - Baessler, Cornelia

AU - Bärlund, Ilona

AU - Bennett, Elene M.

AU - Berger, Uta

AU - Bohn, Friedrich

AU - Bonn, Aletta

AU - Borchardt, Dietrich

AU - Brand, Fridolin

AU - Chatzinotas, Antonis

AU - Corstanje, Ron

AU - Laender, Frederik De

AU - Dietrich, Peter

AU - Dunker, Susanne

AU - Durka, Walter

AU - Fazey, Ioan

AU - Groeneveld, Juergen

AU - Guilbaud, Camille S. E.

AU - Harms, Hauke

AU - Harpole, Stanley

AU - Harris, Jim

AU - Jax, Kurt

AU - Jeltsch, Florian

AU - Johst, Karin

AU - Joshi, Jasmine

AU - Klotz, Stefan

AU - Kühn, Ingolf

AU - Kuhlicke, Christian

AU - Müller, Birgit

AU - Radchuk, Viktoriia

AU - Reuter, Hauke

AU - Rinke, Karsten

AU - Schmitt–Jansen, Mechtild

AU - Seppelt, R.

AU - Singer, Alexander

AU - Standish, Rachel J.

AU - Thulke, Hans H.

AU - Tietjen, Britta

AU - Weitere, Markus

AU - Wirth, Christian

AU - Wolf, Christine

AU - Grimm, Volker

N1 - doi: 10.1111/oik.07213

PY - 2020/1/13

Y1 - 2020/1/13

N2 - Ensuring ecosystem resilience is an intuitive approach to safeguard the functioning of ecosystems and hence the future provisioning of ecosystem services (ES). However, resilience is a multi-faceted concept that is difficult to operationalize. Focusing on resilience mechanisms, such as diversity, network architectures or adaptive capacity, has recently been suggested as means to operationalize resilience. Still, the focus on mechanisms is not specific enough. We suggest a conceptual framework, resilience trinity, to facilitate management based on resilience mechanisms in three distinctive decision contexts and time-horizons: 1) reactive, when there is an imminent threat to ES resilience and a high pressure to act, 2) adjustive, when the threat is known in general but there is still time to adapt management and 3) provident, when time horizons are very long and the nature of the threats is uncertain, leading to a low willingness to act. Resilience has different interpretations and implications at these different time horizons, which also prevail in different disciplines. Social ecology, ecology and engineering are often implicitly focussing on provident, adjustive or reactive resilience, respectively, but these different notions of resilience and their corresponding social, ecological and economic tradeoffs need to be reconciled. Otherwise, we keep risking unintended consequences of reactive actions, or shying away from provident action because of uncertainties that cannot be reduced. The suggested trinity of time horizons and their decision contexts could help ensuring that longer-term management actions are not missed while urgent threats to ES are given priority.

AB - Ensuring ecosystem resilience is an intuitive approach to safeguard the functioning of ecosystems and hence the future provisioning of ecosystem services (ES). However, resilience is a multi-faceted concept that is difficult to operationalize. Focusing on resilience mechanisms, such as diversity, network architectures or adaptive capacity, has recently been suggested as means to operationalize resilience. Still, the focus on mechanisms is not specific enough. We suggest a conceptual framework, resilience trinity, to facilitate management based on resilience mechanisms in three distinctive decision contexts and time-horizons: 1) reactive, when there is an imminent threat to ES resilience and a high pressure to act, 2) adjustive, when the threat is known in general but there is still time to adapt management and 3) provident, when time horizons are very long and the nature of the threats is uncertain, leading to a low willingness to act. Resilience has different interpretations and implications at these different time horizons, which also prevail in different disciplines. Social ecology, ecology and engineering are often implicitly focussing on provident, adjustive or reactive resilience, respectively, but these different notions of resilience and their corresponding social, ecological and economic tradeoffs need to be reconciled. Otherwise, we keep risking unintended consequences of reactive actions, or shying away from provident action because of uncertainties that cannot be reduced. The suggested trinity of time horizons and their decision contexts could help ensuring that longer-term management actions are not missed while urgent threats to ES are given priority.

KW - resilience

KW - ecosystems

KW - concepts

KW - ecosystem services provisioning

KW - management

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85078859757&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/oik.07213

DO - 10.1111/oik.07213

M3 - Article

VL - n/a

JO - OIKOS

JF - OIKOS

SN - 0030-1299

IS - n/a

ER -