Religion, politician identity and development outcomes

Evidence from India

Sonia Bhalotra, Irma Clots-Figueras, Guilhem Cassan, Lakshmi Iyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper investigates whether the religious identity of state legislators in India influences development outcomes, both for citizens of their religious group and for the population as a whole. Using an instrumental variables approach derived from a regression discontinuity, we find that increasing the political representation of Muslims improves health and education outcomes in the district from which the legislator is elected. We find no evidence of religious favoritism: Muslim children do not benefit more from Muslim political representation than children from other religious groups.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Oct 2013

Fingerprint

India
Politicians
Muslims
Favoritism
Regression discontinuity
Education
Instrumental variables
Health

Keywords

  • India
  • Infant mortality
  • Muslim
  • Politician identity
  • Primary education
  • Religion

Cite this

@article{978f7d5ebae249748334f4ccb41545c0,
title = "Religion, politician identity and development outcomes: Evidence from India",
abstract = "This paper investigates whether the religious identity of state legislators in India influences development outcomes, both for citizens of their religious group and for the population as a whole. Using an instrumental variables approach derived from a regression discontinuity, we find that increasing the political representation of Muslims improves health and education outcomes in the district from which the legislator is elected. We find no evidence of religious favoritism: Muslim children do not benefit more from Muslim political representation than children from other religious groups.",
keywords = "India, Infant mortality, Muslim, Politician identity, Primary education, Religion",
author = "Sonia Bhalotra and Irma Clots-Figueras and Guilhem Cassan and Lakshmi Iyer",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.006",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization",
issn = "0167-2681",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Religion, politician identity and development outcomes : Evidence from India. / Bhalotra, Sonia; Clots-Figueras, Irma; Cassan, Guilhem; Iyer, Lakshmi.

In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 14.10.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Religion, politician identity and development outcomes

T2 - Evidence from India

AU - Bhalotra, Sonia

AU - Clots-Figueras, Irma

AU - Cassan, Guilhem

AU - Iyer, Lakshmi

PY - 2013/10/14

Y1 - 2013/10/14

N2 - This paper investigates whether the religious identity of state legislators in India influences development outcomes, both for citizens of their religious group and for the population as a whole. Using an instrumental variables approach derived from a regression discontinuity, we find that increasing the political representation of Muslims improves health and education outcomes in the district from which the legislator is elected. We find no evidence of religious favoritism: Muslim children do not benefit more from Muslim political representation than children from other religious groups.

AB - This paper investigates whether the religious identity of state legislators in India influences development outcomes, both for citizens of their religious group and for the population as a whole. Using an instrumental variables approach derived from a regression discontinuity, we find that increasing the political representation of Muslims improves health and education outcomes in the district from which the legislator is elected. We find no evidence of religious favoritism: Muslim children do not benefit more from Muslim political representation than children from other religious groups.

KW - India

KW - Infant mortality

KW - Muslim

KW - Politician identity

KW - Primary education

KW - Religion

U2 - 10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.006

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

JF - Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

SN - 0167-2681

ER -