Evolution récente du trait de côte dans le golfe du Bénin: Exemples du Togo et du Bénin

Translated title of the contribution: Recent evolution of the coastline in the bight of Benin. Example of Togo and Benin

Pierre Ozer, Yvon Carmen Hountondji, Florence De Longueville

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The land-sea interface is an extremely fragile environment. On a global scale, coastlines are threatened by a multitude of factors sometimes natural and mostly anthropogenic. Thus, in addition to the disruptions to coastal areas by port facilities, dams, sediment sampling on the beach or urban sprawl, there are the consequences of climate change, including rising sea levels. The objective of this study is to assess recent trends (between 2000 and 2015) of the coastline in Togo and Benin where more localized studies show that sandy beaches are experiencing major changes (accretion or erosion) in recent decades. Coastal dynamics are analyzed using very high spatial resolution images available in open access on Google Earth; the coast is studied by section of 1 km on a coastline of 170 km by calculating the average change in meter per year since 2000. Analysis of coastal Togo and Benin shows that only 34% of the coastlines (most of the time protected) are stable and that accretion is recorded only upstream of harbor infrastructures (14%). Elsewhere, coastlines undergo erosive processes (52%), sometimes exceeding annual average retreats of 10 meters per year. In such conditions, villages have disappeared during the past decade and a large number of people have been displaced.

Translated title of the contributionRecent evolution of the coastline in the bight of Benin. Example of Togo and Benin
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)529-541
Number of pages13
JournalGeo-Eco-Trop
Volume41
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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