POSS-Al-porphyrin-imidazolium cross-linked network as catalytic bifunctional platform for the conversion of CO2 with epoxides

Anthony Morena, Vincenzo Campisciano, Andrea Santiago-Portillo, Michelangelo Gruttadauria, Francesco Giacalone, Carmela Aprile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two heterogeneous catalysts were prepared with the aim of following the promising path of CO2 fixation into epoxides. The synthetic procedure involves a radical copolymerization of an octavinylsilsesquioxane as inorganic core building block and tetrastyrylporphyrin aluminum chloride monomer (TSP-AlCl) in presence (POSS-TSP-AlCl-imiBr) or in absence (POSS-TSP-AlCl) of a bis-vinylimidazolium bromide salt (bis-imiBr), in order to investigate if the bifunctional heterogeneous material can display better catalytic performance than the separate species. All the solids were fully characterized and tested in the synthesis of cyclic carbonates starting from CO2 and several epoxides. The synergic cooperation of the two co-catalytic species (Lewis acid/imiBr) was observed. POSS-TSP-AlCl-imiBr showed to be a recyclable material with an excellent activity and TON and TOF values up to 16,000 and 5000, respectively. These excellent results, even under mild reaction and solvent-free conditions, were attributed to a twofold effect: the proximity between the two active sites due to the direct covalent bond between the porphyrin and the imidazolium component and the increasing local concentration of active sites effect that is obtained by functionalizing the silica cage at all its vertices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126819
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2023


  • Al-porphyrin
  • Bifunctional catalyst
  • Carbon Dioxide conversion
  • Cyclic Carbonate
  • Silsesquioxanes


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