Polar and Helical Isomorphous Crystals of Proline Derivatives: Influence of a Fluorine Atom on the Electric Susceptibility

Pierre Baillargeon, Tomasz Seidler, Benoît Champagne, Armand Soldera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two novel nonlinear optical isomorphous crystals of proline derivatives with alkyne functionality have been obtained (Boc-L-ProNH(CH2)2CCH and Boc-cis-4-fluoro-L-ProNH(CH2)2CCH). Both derivatives, which differ only by the substitution of a H atom to a F atom, adopt the same polar and columnar right-handed helix arrangement in the crystalline state. In addition, adjacent polar helical columns all point in the same direction, thus generating a macrodipole and a crystalline system conducive for second harmonic generation (SHG) properties. This isomorphous crystal system constitutes an interesting tool to study the effect of the fluorine atom on the dipole moment and on the first hyperpolarizability. Starting from the PBC optimized geometries of the crystals, the macroscopic second-order nonlinearity, χ(2), of the newly synthesized crystals has been estimated by quantum chemical calculations. These χ(2) responses are of the same order of magnitude as those of inorganic proline derivatives while smaller than those observed in crystals of push–pull π-conjugated molecules. Graphic Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-562
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry Africa
Volume4
Issue number3
Early online date15 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • NLO polar crystals
  • Proline
  • Second harmonic generation

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