Purpose We performed a dose-escalation study to investigate the safety of sorafenib in combination with docetaxel and prednisone in chemo-naïve patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Methods Six patients were included per dose level. Following docetaxel infusion on day 1 (75 mg/m 2/q 3 weeks), sorafenib was administered at 200 mg BID on days 2-19 (dose level 1), at 200 mg BID on days 1-21 (dose level 2), at 400 mg BID on days 2-19 (dose level 3), at 400 mg BID on days 1-21 (dose level 4). Maximal tolerated dose (MTD) was exceeded if ≥ 2 patients experienced doselimiting toxicities (DLT) during cycle 1. The recommended phase 2 dose for sorafenib was defined as one dose level below MTD. If MTD was not reached, the highest feasible dose would be selected to treat an expanded cohort to confirm safety. Results Two DLTs were observed during sorafenib doseescalation consisting of grade 4 febrile neutropenia (dose level 2) and grade 3 hand-foot syndrome (HFS) (dose level 3). Our pharmacokinetic results showed an increased exposure to docetaxel across all dose levels during sorafenib comedication. The main grade ≥ 3 toxicities were neutropenia (35 %), HFS (27 %), and febrile neutropenia (19 %). The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rate was 74 %. Median overall survival was 25.2 months. Conclusion Three-weekly docetaxel and prednisone could be combined with sorafenib at 400 mg BID on days 1-21 without reaching MTD. However, we observed a pharmacokinetic interaction between sorafenib and docetaxel, associated with significant toxicities, raising concerns about the safety of this combination in mCRPC.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2012|
- Phase 1