Pharmacological characterization of N-tert-butyl-N'-[2-(4'-methylphenylamino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonyl]urea (BM-573), a novel thromboxane A2 receptor antagonist and thromboxane synthase inhibitor in a rat model of arterial thrombosis and its effects on bleeding time

Jean-Michel Dogné, Julien Hanson, Xavier de Leval, Philippe Kolh, Vincent Tchana-Sato, Laurence de Leval, Stéphanie Rolin, Alexandre Ghuysen, Patrick Segers, Bernard Lambermont, Bernard Masereel, Bernard Pirotte

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Abstract

The present study was undertaken to characterize the antiplatelet and antithrombotic effects of BM-573 [N-tert-butyl-N'-[2-(4'-methylphenylamino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonyl]urea], an original combined thromboxane receptor antagonist and thromboxane synthase inhibitor in rats, and to determine its effects on mice bleeding time. Intraperitoneal injection of a single dose of 5 mg/kg BM-573 to rats inhibited U-46619 (9,11-dideoxy-9,11-methanoepoxy-prostaglandin F(2))-induced washed platelet aggregation 30 min and 1, 2, and 4 h after drug administration with a maximum antiplatelet effect observed after 1 and 2 h. In a rat model of thrombosis induced by ferric chloride application on the abdominal aorta, BM-573 significantly reduced the thrombus weight by 92.53, 80.20, 64.75, and 18.21% at doses of 5, 2, 0.5, and 0.2 mg/kg, respectively. Time to occlusion of abdominal aorta in the BM-573-treated group (41.50 +/- 5.21 min) was significantly prolonged compared with the vehicle-treated rats (16.16 +/- 0.79 min). Like furegrelate, seratrodast, and acetylsalicylic acid, BM-573 did not affect the tail bleeding time induced by tail transection in mice compared with vehicle-treated mice. Moreover, BM-573, a close derivative of the loop diuretic torasemide, failed to induce a significant increase in diuresis in rat and did not produce a decrease in blood glucose concentration as observed with the sulfonylurea glibenclamide. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the nitrobenzenic sulfonylurea BM-573, an original combined thromboxane receptor antagonist and thromboxane synthase inhibitor, is a potent antithrombotic agent that does not affect bleeding time. Moreover, BM-573 lost the diuretic property of torasemide and has no impact on glycemia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-505
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
Volume309
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2004

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Bleeding Time
  • Blood Glucose
  • Diuretics
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Platelet Aggregation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Thromboxane A2, Prostaglandin H2
  • Sulfonylurea Compounds
  • Thrombosis
  • Thromboxane-A Synthase

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