PGF2α, a prostanoid released by endothelial cells activated by hypoxia, is a chemoattractant candidate for neutrophil recruitment

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Abstract

Despite increasing evidence supporting the involvement of neutrophils in ischemic and postischemic damages, the mechanisms underlying the early recruitment of these cells are not completely understood. In this report, the effects of conditioned media from hypoxic endothelial cells on neutrophil chemotaxis were investigated by biochemical and morphological studies. We showed that conditioned media collected from several endothelial cell origins submitted to hypoxia as well as ischemic rat liver perfusion liquids have a chemotactic activity for neutrophils. The role of various chemoattractant molecules like HETEs, platelet-activating factor, and cytokines such as interleukin-8 and interleukln-1 was examined in the same model. Chemotactic peptide contribution was ruled out as boiled conditioned media still trigger chemotaxis. However, cell treatment with cyclooxygenase inhibitors, neutralization of PGF biological activity with polyclonal antibodies, and the neutrophil preincubation with a specific PGF antagonist, all dramatically inhibited neutrophil chemotaxis. A strong chemoattractant effect of pure exogenous PGF or of a synthetic analog was also observed. The major effect of PGF on neutrophil chemotaxis was confirmed ex vivo in a rat liver perfusion ischemic model. These results suggest that PGF, a prostanoid abundantly released by the endothelium of hypoxic or ischemic tissues, is a chemoattractant molecule that might be involved in the early recruitment of neutrophils in ischemic organs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-357
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume159
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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