Our auditory results using the Vibrant Soundbridge on the long process of the incus: 20 years of data

Anaïs Grégoire, Jean-Philippe Van Damme, Chantal Gilain, Benoit Bihin, Pierre Garin

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: After 20 years of experience with different types of middle ear implants, we analyzed our database about the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) to know the rate of complications, the effect on the residual hearing and the audiometric gain in our center.

METHOD: The study was retrospective and included all VSB implants bound to the long process of the incus in our tertiary medical center between january 1999 and february 2015. We observed the effect of surgery on residual hearing by comparing bone and air conduction thresholds before and after implantation. The functional results of the implant were quantified by measuring, at several post-operative intervals, the thresholds with the VSB in pure tone audiometry and speech audiometry, in quiet and in noise.

RESULTS: 53 VSB were implanted in 46 patients aged between 22 and 81 years old (average 53.9). 48 patients (90%) suffered from a sensorineural hearing loss, and 5 patients from a mixed hearing loss due to an otosclerosis (but only 3 of them have undergone stapedotomy). There were no major complications (e.g. facial palsy, dead ear or postoperative infection). The placement of the implant created an insignificant deterioration of the air conduction thresholds (5,6 dB HL) and bone conduction thresholds (2.2 dB HL) at 6 weeks post-implantation. The bone conduction thresholds increased by 4.7 dB HL 2.5 years after surgery in comparison with the preoperative results, which is also considered clinically insignificant. With the implant turned on, the pure tone audiometry thresholds in open field, in quiet, were significantly improved (gain of 13.9 dB on average on frequencies from 250 to 8000 Hz), particularly at frequencies of 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz as the average gain on these frequencies amounted to 19.4 dB. The speech intelligibility in a cocktail party noise was also improved by 18.3% on average at 6, 52 and 104 weeks post-implantation.

CONCLUSION: The Vibrant Soundbridge with the electromagnetic vibrator fixed to the long process of the incus is a safe active middle ear implant with no major complications; it has no significant impact on the residual hearing. The VSB is particularly suitable for patients who are unable to wear conventional hearing aids due to anatomical or infectious problems in the external ear canal, or in case of poor audiometric results with conventional hearing aids. The VSB brings significant hearing gain, as it is particularly efficient in frequencies for the speech range and higher, resulting especially in better speech intelligibility in noisy environments.

LanguageEnglish
JournalAuris, nasus, larynx
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Incus
Hearing
Bone Conduction
Ossicular Prosthesis
Speech Intelligibility
Pure-Tone Audiometry
Hearing Aids
Noise
Air
Mixed Conductive-Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Speech Audiometry
Ear Canal
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Facial Paralysis
Electromagnetic Phenomena
Ear
Retrospective Studies
Databases
Infection
Otosclerosis 3

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

@article{dd4e466df47e4b5b84d86ad9ced28c71,
title = "Our auditory results using the Vibrant Soundbridge on the long process of the incus: 20 years of data",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: After 20 years of experience with different types of middle ear implants, we analyzed our database about the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) to know the rate of complications, the effect on the residual hearing and the audiometric gain in our center.METHOD: The study was retrospective and included all VSB implants bound to the long process of the incus in our tertiary medical center between january 1999 and february 2015. We observed the effect of surgery on residual hearing by comparing bone and air conduction thresholds before and after implantation. The functional results of the implant were quantified by measuring, at several post-operative intervals, the thresholds with the VSB in pure tone audiometry and speech audiometry, in quiet and in noise.RESULTS: 53 VSB were implanted in 46 patients aged between 22 and 81 years old (average 53.9). 48 patients (90%) suffered from a sensorineural hearing loss, and 5 patients from a mixed hearing loss due to an otosclerosis (but only 3 of them have undergone stapedotomy). There were no major complications (e.g. facial palsy, dead ear or postoperative infection). The placement of the implant created an insignificant deterioration of the air conduction thresholds (5,6 dB HL) and bone conduction thresholds (2.2 dB HL) at 6 weeks post-implantation. The bone conduction thresholds increased by 4.7 dB HL 2.5 years after surgery in comparison with the preoperative results, which is also considered clinically insignificant. With the implant turned on, the pure tone audiometry thresholds in open field, in quiet, were significantly improved (gain of 13.9 dB on average on frequencies from 250 to 8000 Hz), particularly at frequencies of 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz as the average gain on these frequencies amounted to 19.4 dB. The speech intelligibility in a cocktail party noise was also improved by 18.3% on average at 6, 52 and 104 weeks post-implantation.CONCLUSION: The Vibrant Soundbridge with the electromagnetic vibrator fixed to the long process of the incus is a safe active middle ear implant with no major complications; it has no significant impact on the residual hearing. The VSB is particularly suitable for patients who are unable to wear conventional hearing aids due to anatomical or infectious problems in the external ear canal, or in case of poor audiometric results with conventional hearing aids. The VSB brings significant hearing gain, as it is particularly efficient in frequencies for the speech range and higher, resulting especially in better speech intelligibility in noisy environments.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Anaïs Grégoire and {Van Damme}, Jean-Philippe and Chantal Gilain and Benoit Bihin and Pierre Garin",
note = "Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.anl.2017.02.007",
journal = "Auris, nasus, larynx",
issn = "0385-8146",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Our auditory results using the Vibrant Soundbridge on the long process of the incus : 20 years of data. / Grégoire, Anaïs; Van Damme, Jean-Philippe; Gilain, Chantal; Bihin, Benoit; Garin, Pierre.

In: Auris, nasus, larynx, 2017.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Our auditory results using the Vibrant Soundbridge on the long process of the incus

T2 - Auris, nasus, larynx

AU - Grégoire,Anaïs

AU - Van Damme,Jean-Philippe

AU - Gilain,Chantal

AU - Bihin,Benoit

AU - Garin,Pierre

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - OBJECTIVE: After 20 years of experience with different types of middle ear implants, we analyzed our database about the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) to know the rate of complications, the effect on the residual hearing and the audiometric gain in our center.METHOD: The study was retrospective and included all VSB implants bound to the long process of the incus in our tertiary medical center between january 1999 and february 2015. We observed the effect of surgery on residual hearing by comparing bone and air conduction thresholds before and after implantation. The functional results of the implant were quantified by measuring, at several post-operative intervals, the thresholds with the VSB in pure tone audiometry and speech audiometry, in quiet and in noise.RESULTS: 53 VSB were implanted in 46 patients aged between 22 and 81 years old (average 53.9). 48 patients (90%) suffered from a sensorineural hearing loss, and 5 patients from a mixed hearing loss due to an otosclerosis (but only 3 of them have undergone stapedotomy). There were no major complications (e.g. facial palsy, dead ear or postoperative infection). The placement of the implant created an insignificant deterioration of the air conduction thresholds (5,6 dB HL) and bone conduction thresholds (2.2 dB HL) at 6 weeks post-implantation. The bone conduction thresholds increased by 4.7 dB HL 2.5 years after surgery in comparison with the preoperative results, which is also considered clinically insignificant. With the implant turned on, the pure tone audiometry thresholds in open field, in quiet, were significantly improved (gain of 13.9 dB on average on frequencies from 250 to 8000 Hz), particularly at frequencies of 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz as the average gain on these frequencies amounted to 19.4 dB. The speech intelligibility in a cocktail party noise was also improved by 18.3% on average at 6, 52 and 104 weeks post-implantation.CONCLUSION: The Vibrant Soundbridge with the electromagnetic vibrator fixed to the long process of the incus is a safe active middle ear implant with no major complications; it has no significant impact on the residual hearing. The VSB is particularly suitable for patients who are unable to wear conventional hearing aids due to anatomical or infectious problems in the external ear canal, or in case of poor audiometric results with conventional hearing aids. The VSB brings significant hearing gain, as it is particularly efficient in frequencies for the speech range and higher, resulting especially in better speech intelligibility in noisy environments.

AB - OBJECTIVE: After 20 years of experience with different types of middle ear implants, we analyzed our database about the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) to know the rate of complications, the effect on the residual hearing and the audiometric gain in our center.METHOD: The study was retrospective and included all VSB implants bound to the long process of the incus in our tertiary medical center between january 1999 and february 2015. We observed the effect of surgery on residual hearing by comparing bone and air conduction thresholds before and after implantation. The functional results of the implant were quantified by measuring, at several post-operative intervals, the thresholds with the VSB in pure tone audiometry and speech audiometry, in quiet and in noise.RESULTS: 53 VSB were implanted in 46 patients aged between 22 and 81 years old (average 53.9). 48 patients (90%) suffered from a sensorineural hearing loss, and 5 patients from a mixed hearing loss due to an otosclerosis (but only 3 of them have undergone stapedotomy). There were no major complications (e.g. facial palsy, dead ear or postoperative infection). The placement of the implant created an insignificant deterioration of the air conduction thresholds (5,6 dB HL) and bone conduction thresholds (2.2 dB HL) at 6 weeks post-implantation. The bone conduction thresholds increased by 4.7 dB HL 2.5 years after surgery in comparison with the preoperative results, which is also considered clinically insignificant. With the implant turned on, the pure tone audiometry thresholds in open field, in quiet, were significantly improved (gain of 13.9 dB on average on frequencies from 250 to 8000 Hz), particularly at frequencies of 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz as the average gain on these frequencies amounted to 19.4 dB. The speech intelligibility in a cocktail party noise was also improved by 18.3% on average at 6, 52 and 104 weeks post-implantation.CONCLUSION: The Vibrant Soundbridge with the electromagnetic vibrator fixed to the long process of the incus is a safe active middle ear implant with no major complications; it has no significant impact on the residual hearing. The VSB is particularly suitable for patients who are unable to wear conventional hearing aids due to anatomical or infectious problems in the external ear canal, or in case of poor audiometric results with conventional hearing aids. The VSB brings significant hearing gain, as it is particularly efficient in frequencies for the speech range and higher, resulting especially in better speech intelligibility in noisy environments.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.anl.2017.02.007

DO - 10.1016/j.anl.2017.02.007

M3 - Article

JO - Auris, nasus, larynx

JF - Auris, nasus, larynx

SN - 0385-8146

ER -