The two scanning probe microscope based methods for the production of graphene nanoarchitectures with crystallographically oriented edges: scanning tunneling lithography (STL) and carbothermal etching (CTE) are compared. STL offers higher freedom in choosing the orientation, it makes possible sophisticated manipulation of the etched nanoarchitectures and immediate atomic resolution of the etched structure, but it suffers from the need of a conductive substrate. CTE at present can produce only zigzag edges, but these edges by the very nature of the process producing them are more regular than the edges produced by STL. CTE has the clear advantage that the produced nanoarchitectures are on an insulating substrate, no further transfer steps are needed. To date STL can produce graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) of a few nanometers in width, while the width of the GNRs produced by CTE is in the range of 20 nm.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2012|