We theoretically characterize a series of substituted cycloparaphenylene nanohoops to study the effect of incorporating an electron-withdrawing group into their cyclic structure. We systematically vary the nature, position, and number of nitrogen-containing acceptor groups in both neutral (pyridine) and charged forms (pyridinium and methylpyridinium) to provide insights into how this functionalization affects the structural, electronic, and optical properties of these systems. We focus also on the singlet-triplet energy difference, with low values found, which might pave the way to further applications in the field of devices for light-emitting applications providing a potential class of TADF-based emitters.
- density functional theory
- donor–acceptor cycloparaphenylenes
- optoelectronic properties
- thermally activated delayed fluorescence