Mutations in chicory FEH genes are statistically associated with enhanced resistance to post-harvest inulin depolymerization

Nicolas Dauchot, Pierre Raulier, Olivier Maudoux, Christine Notté, Pierre Bertin, Xavier Draye, Pierre Van Cutsem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Key message: Nucleotidic polymorphisms were identified in fructan exohydrolases genes which are statistically associated with enhanced susceptibility to post-harvest inulin depolymerization. Industrial chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) root is the main commercial source of inulin, a linear fructose polymer used as dietary fiber. Post-harvest, inulin is depolymerized into fructose which drastically increases processing cost. To identify genetic variations associated with enhanced susceptibility to post-harvest inulin depolymerization and related free sugars content increase, we used a candidate-gene approach focused on inulin and sucrose synthesis and degradation genes, all members of the family 32 of glycoside hydrolases (GH32). Polymorphism in these genes was first investigated by carrying out EcoTILLING on two groups of chicory breeding lines exhibiting contrasted response to post-harvest inulin depolymerization. This allowed the identification of polymorphisms significantly associated with depolymerization in three fructan exohydrolase genes (FEH). This association was confirmed on a wider panel of 116 unrelated families in which the FEH polymorphism explained 35 % of the post-harvest variance for inulin content, 36 % of variance for sucrose content, 18 % for inulin degree of polymerization, 23 % for free fructose content and 22 % for free glucose content. These polymorphisms were associated with significant post-harvest changes of inulin content, inulin chain length and free sugars content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-135
Number of pages11
JournalTAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik
Volume127
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2014

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