Multiple alignment of several isozyme sequences of the bifunctional enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase revealed conserved residues in the 2-kinase domain. Among these residues, three asparagine residues (Asn76, Asn97 and Asn133; numbering refers to the liver isozyme sequence) and three threonine residues (Thr132, Thr134 and Thr135) are located near the fructose 6-phosphate-binding site in the crystal structure of the bifunctional enzyme. The role of these residues in substrate binding and catalysis in the 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase domain has been studied by mutagenesis to alanine. Since the crystal structure of 6-phosphofructo-2- kinase does not contain fructose 6-phosphate, this substrate was docked into the putative binding site by computer modelling, and its interactions with the protein were predicted. Analysis of the mutagenesis-induced changes in kinetic properties and of the substrate-docking model revealed that all these residues are directly or indirectly involved in fructose-6-phosphate binding. All the mutants displayed an increased K(m) for fructose 6-phosphate (10- 200-fold). We propose that Asn133 stabilises Arg138, which itself makes a direct electrostatic bond with the 6-phosphate group of fructose 6-phosphate, that Asn76 interacts with the C3 hydroxyl group of fructose 6-phosphate, that Thr132 makes a hydrogen bond with the C6 oxygen of this substrate, and that Thr134 interacts with two residues involved in fructose-6-phosphate binding, Thr132 and Tyr199. On the other hand, Asn97 and Thr135 play structural roles, by maintaining the structure of the fructose-6-phosphate-binding pocket.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jun 1998|
- Adenylate kinase
- Fructose 6- phosphate