Multi-walled carbon nanotube/poly(glycine) modified carbon paste electrode for the determination of dopamine in biological fluids and pharmaceuticals

Tony Thomas, Ronald J. Mascarenhas, B. E Kumara Swamy, Praveen Martis, Zineb Mekhalif, B. S. Sherigara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A modified carbon paste electrode (CPE) for the selective detection of dopamine (DA) in presence of large excess of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) at physiological pH has been fabricated by bulk modification of CPE with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) followed by electropolymerization of glycine (Gly). The surface morphology is compared using SEM images. The presence of nitrogen was confirmed by the energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) indicating the polymerization of Gly on the surface of the modified electrode. The impedance study indicates a better charge transfer kinetics for DA at CPE modified with MWCNT/polyglycine electrode. The presence of MWCNTs in carbon paste matrix triggers the extent of electropolymerization of Gly and imparts more selectivity towards DA by electrochemically not sensing AA below a concentration of 3.1×10-4M. Due to the exclusion of the signal for AA, the interference of AA in the determination of DA is totally ruled out by DPV method which is used for its detection at lower concentrations. Large peak separation, good sensitivity, reproducibility and stability allow this modified electrode to analyze DA individually and simultaneously along with AA and UA. Detection limit of DA was determined from differential pulse voltammetric (DPV) study and found to be 1.2×10-8M with a linear dynamic range of 5.0×10-7M to 4.0×10-5M. The practical analytical application of this electrode was demonstrated by measurement of DA content in dopamine hydrochloride injection and human blood serum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-465
Number of pages8
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013



  • Carbon paste electrode
  • Dopamine
  • Electropolymerization
  • Glycine
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotube

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