Abstract

Two straightforward synthetic methods towards semi‐planar triarylboranes with two aryl rings connected by a methylene bridge have been developed. The fine‐tuning of their stereoelectronic properties and Lewis acidities was achieved by introducing fluorine, methyl or methoxy groups either at their exocyclic or their bridged aryl rings. X‐ray diffraction analysis and quantum‐chemical calculations provided quantitative information on the structural distortion experienced by the near planar hydro‐boraanthracene skeleton during the association with Lewis bases such as NH3 and F–. Though the methylene bridge between the ortho‐positions of two aryl rings of triarylboranes decreased the Gibbs free energies of complexation with small Lewis bases by less than 5 kJ mol‐1 relative to the classical Lewis acid BAr3, the steric shielding of the CH2 bridge is sufficient to avoid the formation of Lewis adducts with larger Lewis bases such as triarylphosphines. A newly synthesized spirocyclic amino‐borane with a long intramolecular B‐N bond that could be dissociated under thermal process, UV‐irradiation, or acidic conditions might be a potential candidate in Lewis pairs catalysis.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume26
Early online date27 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

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