Measles, mumps, rubella prevention: how can we do better?

Florence Kauffmann, Catherine Heffernan, François Meurice, Martin O.C. Ota, Volker Vetter, Giacomo Casabona

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction: Measles, mumps, and rubella incidence decreased drastically following vaccination programs’ implementation. However, measles and mumps’ resurgence was recently reported, outbreaks still occur, and challenges remain to control these diseases. Areas covered: This qualitative narrative review provides an objective appraisal of the literature regarding current challenges in controlling measles, mumps, rubella infections, and interventions to address them. Expert opinion: While vaccines against measles, mumps, and rubella (including trivalent vaccines) are widely used and effective, challenges to control these diseases are mainly related to insufficient immunization coverage and changing vaccination needs owing to new global environment (e.g. traveling, migration, population density). By understanding disease transmission peculiarities by setting, initiatives are needed to optimize vaccination policies and increase vaccination coverage, which was further negatively impacted by COVID-19 pandemic. Also, awareness of the potential severity of infections and the role of vaccines should increase. Reminder systems, vaccination of disadvantaged, high-risk and difficult-to-reach populations, accessibility of vaccination, healthcare infrastructure, and vaccination services management should improve. Outbreak preparedness should be strengthened, including implementation of high-quality surveillance systems to monitor epidemiology. While the main focus should be on these public health initiatives to increase vaccination coverage, slightly more benefits could come from evolution of current vaccines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-826
Number of pages16
JournalExpert Review of Vaccines
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Coverage
  • elimination
  • measles
  • MMR uptake
  • MMR vaccine
  • mumps
  • prevention
  • protection
  • rubella
  • vaccine effectiveness

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