## Abstract

Individual risk models need to capture possible correlations as failing to do so typically results in an underestimation of extreme quantiles of the aggregate loss. Such dependence modelling is particularly important for managing credit risk, for instance, where joint defaults are a major cause of concern. Often, the dependence between the individual loss occurrence indicators is driven by a small number of unobservable factors. Conditional loss probabilities are then expressed as monotone functions of linear combinations of these hidden factors. However, combining the factors in a linear way allows for some compensation between them. Such diversification effects are not always desirable and this is why the present work proposes a new model replacing linear combinations with maxima. These max-factor models give more insight into which of the factors is dominant.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 162-172 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Insurance: Mathematics and Economics |

Volume | 62 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 May 2015 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Calibration
- Default indicator
- Dependence modelling
- Latent factors
- Loss occurrence