Low density polyethylene (LDPE) surfaces have been plasma modified to improve their nanostructural and wettability properties. These modifications can significantly improve the deposition of subsequent layers such as films with specific barrier properties. For this purpose, we compare the treatments induced by two atmospheric plasma torches with different configurations (showerhead vs. linear). The modifications of LDPE films in terms of chemical surface composition and surface morphology are evidenced by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, water contact angles measurements, and atomic force microscopy. A comparison between the two post-discharge treatments is achieved for several torch-to-substrate distances (gaps), treatment times, and oxygen flow rates in terms of etching rate, roughening rate, diffusion of oxygen into the subsurface and hydrophilicity. By correlating these results with the chemical composition of the post-discharges, we identify and compare the species which are responsible for the chemical surface functionalization, the surface roughening, and etching.
- afterglow plasma processes
- polyethylene (PE)
- surface modification
- XPS (AR)
Facility/equipment: Technological Platform