iPMDS: Interactive Probabilistic Multidimensional Scaling

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Dimensionality reduction is often used for visu-alization without considering their understanding by users. Multidimensional scaling, for instance, provides an arbitrarily-oriented visualization. However, users can be integrated into the loop to provide clues about their understanding of the visualization. In this paper, we propose an interactive proba-bilistic multidimensional scaling (iPMDS) approach to compute the visualization with the lowest information loss while taking the information provided by users into account. We show that a more interpretable visualization can be obtained after interacting with the visualization while keeping a good dimensionality reduction accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Joint Conference on Neural Networks
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • dimensionality reduction
  • multidimensional sclaing (MDS)
  • Probalistic Model
  • User interaction


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