The synthesis of novel coumarins bearing on the lateral side chain in the 3-position an amine or a guanidine group is described. In vitro evaluation highlighted 14d which possesses a meta aniline side chain as a very potent THR inhibitor. Surprisingly, the introduction of a guanidine moiety always led to a decrease in THR inhibiting properties. We, thus, used docking experiments to rationalize the SAR in the series. This study showed the crucial role of a conserved water molecule in the specificity pocket of THR during docking simulation in order to explain the inactivity of guanidine derivatives. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Mechanism-based inhibitor
- Serine protease
Facility/equipment: Technological Platform