Inhaled fluticasone reduces bronchial responsiveness and airway inflammation in cats with mild chronic bronchitis

Nathalie Kirschvink, Jérome Leemans, François DELVAUX, Frédéric SNAPS, Séverine JASPART, Brigitte EVRARD, Luc DELATTRE, Carole CAMBIER, Cécile CLERCX, Pascal GUSTIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of inhaled fluticasone on lower airway inflammation and bronchial responsiveness (BR) to inhaled carbachol in cats with very mild, chronic bronchitis (n = 5) that were compared with healthy cats serving as controls (n = 6). Chest radiographs, BR tests performed non-invasively by barometric whole body plethysmography (BWBP) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were performed before and after treatment. BR was quantified by calculating the concentration of carbachol inducing bronchoconstriction (C-Penh300%), defined as a 300% increase of baseline Penh, an index of bronchoconstriction obtained by BWBP. BAL fluid was analyzed cytologically and the oxidant marker 8-iso-PGF2? was determined. At test 1, healthy cats and cats with bronchitis were untreated, whereas for test 2 inhalant fluticasone (250 ?g once daily) was administrated for 2 consecutive weeks to cats with bronchitis. Control cats remained untreated. Inhaled fluticasone induced a significant increase in C-Penh300% and a significant decrease of BAL fluid total cells, macrophages, neutrophils and 8-iso-PGF2? in cats with bronchitis, whilst untreated control cats did not show significant changes over time. This study shows that a 2-week fluticasone treatment significantly reduced lower airway inflammation in very mild bronchitis. BR could be successfully monitored in cats using BWPB and decreased significantly in response to inhaled fluticasone. 8-Iso-PGF2? in BAL fluid was responsive to treatment and appeared as a sensitive biomarker of lower airway inflammation in cats.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-54
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Volume8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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