Influence of strain origin on osmoregulatory and endocrine parameters of two non-native strains of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)

Benoît Bernard, Kevin Chantung Sobandi, Veerle Darras, Xavier Rollin, Robert Mandiki, Patrick Kestemont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Non-native strains of Atlantic salmon are used in reinstatement trials where populations are extinct. Environmental cues like photoperiod and temperature are known to influence the smolting process and there is evidence of strain-, stock- or population-specific differences associated with seaward migration or smoltification. The objective of this study was to compare morphological, osmoregulatory and endorcrine features between two strains, one originating from a cold and short river in Ireland (Cong) and another from a long and warm river in France (Loire-Allier), reared under Belgian conditions in order to highlight major differences in restocking adaptability. Comprehensive endocrine profiles, consistent with their interactive role of mediating changes associated with smolting, have been observed. Na+/K+ATPase activity (1.3–10.5 µmol ADP∗mg prot.−1∗h−1) and hormone plasma levels (e.g. 55–122 ng∗mL−1 of cortisol and 4.5–6.4 ng∗mL−1 of GH) were consistent with reported values. We observed strain-related differences of the influence of temperature and daylength on cortisol, GH and sodium plasma levels. These may be related to the respective environmental conditions prevailing in the river of origin, which have impacted the genetic background for smoltification. Using Na+/K+ATPase activity as an indicator, both strains smoltified successfully and simultaneously testifying a prevailing influence of environmental cues over genetic factors for smoltification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-212
Number of pages8
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Atlantic salmon
  • Hormone profile
  • Na/KATPase
  • Repopulation
  • Smoltification

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