Objective. To investigate the regulation of the prostaglandin (PG) synthesis by interleukin 1 (IL-1) in human synovial cells and chondrocytes. Methods. Both cell types stimulated by human recombinant IL-1 synthesized PGE2, PGF(2α) and 6-keto-PGF(1α). Results. PGE2 was the major PG synthesized. When arachidonic acid was added exogenously at the end of the stimulation, an increase in the prostaglandin synthesis was observed after 6 and 24 h suggesting that cyclooxygenase is the limiting enzyme. Using actinomycin D and cycloheximide. PG synthesis was shown to be protein synthesis dependent. Inhibition of the constitutive cyclooxygenase by aspirin before the IL-1 stimulation confirmed that the increased prostaglandin synthesis was due to a de novo synthesis of cyclooxygenase. Conclusion. This enzyme induction by IL-1 was found to be similar in both cell types.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
- INTERLEUKIN 1
- SYNOVIAL CELLS