Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase Inhibitory Activity of Derivatives of Marine Alkaloid Tsitsikammamine A

Eduard Dolusic, Pierre Larrieu, Delphine Colette, Sébastien Blanc, Arnaud Rives, Graeme Fraser, Johan Wouters, Robert Kiss, Benoît Van den Eynde, Bernard Masereel, Evelyne Delfourne, Raphaël Frédérick

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Tsitsikammamines belonging to the pyrroloiminoquinone class of marine alkaloids were first isolated and characterized in 1996 from a Latrunculiidae sponge collected in the Tsitsikamma Marine Reserve of South Africa.[1] These and related compounds have attracted attention due to various interesting biological properties, including cytotoxicity, topoisomerase inhibition, antimicrobial and antifungal activity.[2] Recently, two novel regioisomeric series of tsitsikammamine A analogues were described.[3] The products were evaluated in an in vitro antiproliferative test against several cancer and normal (fibroblast) cell lines. This work allowed identifying a cytotoxic synthetic intermediate 1 with an unknown mechanism of action. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) was identified as an important factor in the tumor immune evasion mechanism. It was demonstrated that many human tumors express IDO in a constitutive manner.[4] Our groups recently published several articles on the development of new series of IDO inhibitors.[5] Here, we would like to report for the first time on an inhibitory activity of tsitsikammamine derivatives against IDO. Tsitsikammamine A analogue 2 displays submicromolar potency in an enzymatic test. A number of derivatives are also moderately active in a cellular test, establishing interest in this class of compounds as a potential source of leads for the development of new pharmaceutically useful IDO inhibitors.
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationOral Communication, 25èmes Journées Franco-belges de Pharmacochimie, 19-20/05/11, Liège
Subtitle of host publicationDe la conception à la réalisation en pharmacochimie
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventJFB 2011. - Liege, Belgium
Duration: 19 May 2011 → …


ConferenceJFB 2011.
Period19/05/11 → …

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