The master regulator of the adaptive response to hypoxia is HIF-1. However, while some data show that HIF-1 can control more than 80% of the genes induced under hypoxia, other experiments clearly demonstrate that a part of the hypoxic response is independent of HIF-1. The goal of this study was to identify some of these HIF-1 independent factors and to investigate their functional role in the adaptation of tumor cells to hypoxia. We show that the cytoplasmic dynein intermediate chain 2 (DH IC-2), a component of an intracellular ATPase minus-end directed tubulin-based motile complex, was stabilized and post-translationally modified under hypoxia in a HIF-1 independent way. We identified this modification as a phosphorylation by protein kinase C, which is inhibited under hypoxia. In parallel, the migration of HepG2 cells was enhanced under hypoxia. Cell migration was also increased, to the same extent, by the invalidation of DH IC-2 using siRNA. Taken together, these results suggest that under hypoxia, a specific modification of DH IC-2 may modulate its activity, and in turn promote cell migration. These results are important to better understand cancer development since they highlight a HIF-1 independent mechanism, which may be involved in metastasis. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2009|
- HIF-1 independent