Projects per year
Brucella spp are intracellular bacteria that cause brucellosis, one of the most common zoonoses in the world. Given the serious medical consequences of this disease, a safe and effective human vaccine is urgently needed. Efforts to develop this vaccine have been hampered by our lack of understanding of what constitutes a protective memory response against Brucella. In this study, we characterize the cells and signaling pathways implicated in the generation of a protective immune memory response following priming by the injection of heat-killed or live Brucella melitensis 16M. Using a panel of gene-deficient mice, we demonstrated that during a secondary recall response, both the Brucella-specific humoral response and CD4(+) Th1 cells must act together to confer protective immunity in the spleen to B. melitensis infection. Humoral protective immunity is induced by the inoculation of both heat-killed and live bacteria, and its development does not require T cells, MyD88/IL-12p35 signaling pathways, or an activation-induced deaminase-mediated isotype switch. In striking contrast, the presence of memory IFN-γ-producing CD4(+) Th1 cells requires the administration of live bacteria and functional MyD88/IL-12p35 pathways. In summary, our work identifies several immune markers closely associated with protective immune memory and could help to define a rational strategy to obtain an effective human vaccine against brucellosis.
Identifications in vivo des étapes du cycle infectieux de Brucella melitensis impliquées dans le développement d'une immunité protectrice chez la souris
LETESSON, J. & Hanot-Mambres, D.
1/10/10 → 30/09/12
On the components of adaptive immune response involved in the control of a primary and secondary infection by Brucella melitensisAuthor: Vitry, M., 15 Mar 2013
Supervisor: Letesson, J. (Supervisor), Muraille, É. (Co-Supervisor), Michiels, C. (President), Leo, O. (External person) (Jury), Goddeeris, B. (External person) (Jury) & Baldwin, C. (External person) (Jury)
Student thesis: Doc types › Doctor of Sciences