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### Abstract

In a recent work [L. Leherte, J. Math. Chem. 29, 47-83 (2001)], it was shown how low resolution graph representations of molecular structures could be used to easily compare different drug molecules. These graph representations were composed of vertices and edges that were generated using a critical point (CP) analysis of low resolution electron density (ED) maps, and used as pharmacophore models of biologically active/affine molecules.

The aim of the on-going work is to establish a hierarchical description of these CP graphs based on multiresolution representations in order to assign peaks (or local maximum of the ED function) observed at a given resolution to a chemical function. In this context, every peak at a given resolution could be related to peaks obtained at a higher resolution level, and eventually to the constituting atoms (seen as the highest resolution peaks) of the molecular structure. It is thus expected that CPs of a low resolution graph will be characterized not only by their local density and ED curvature values, but also by a chemical meaning for further applications in molecular similarity search, for example.

In this purpose, the Atomic Shell Approximation (ASA) was selected [L. Amat and R. Carbó-Dorca, J. Comput. Chem. 19, 2023-2039 (1997)]. The ASA formalism allows the calculation of a promolecular ED distribution in terms of weighted summation over atomic ED distributions which are described in terms of series of squared 1s Gaussian functions fitted from atomic basis set representations. In order to calculate smoothed versions of the promolecular ED function, the ASA approach is coupled with the formalism developed by Kostrowicki et al. [J. Kostrowicki, L. Piela, B. J. Cherayil, H. A. Scheraga, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 4113-4119 (1991)] wherein deformed versions of the ED distribution are expressed as solutions of the diffusion equation.

For each of the so-calculated ED maps, the local maxima of the ED function are determined using a hierarchical clustering algorithm wherein peaks obtained at a given resolution are used as starting points for discovering peaks at the next lower resolution level [Y. Leung, J.-S. Zhang, Z.-B. Xu, IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 22, 1396-1410 (2000)]. In the so-obtained hierarchical description, peaks at a given resolution level are linked to those obtained at the next lower resolution through gradient trajectories of the ED function.

The aim of the on-going work is to establish a hierarchical description of these CP graphs based on multiresolution representations in order to assign peaks (or local maximum of the ED function) observed at a given resolution to a chemical function. In this context, every peak at a given resolution could be related to peaks obtained at a higher resolution level, and eventually to the constituting atoms (seen as the highest resolution peaks) of the molecular structure. It is thus expected that CPs of a low resolution graph will be characterized not only by their local density and ED curvature values, but also by a chemical meaning for further applications in molecular similarity search, for example.

In this purpose, the Atomic Shell Approximation (ASA) was selected [L. Amat and R. Carbó-Dorca, J. Comput. Chem. 19, 2023-2039 (1997)]. The ASA formalism allows the calculation of a promolecular ED distribution in terms of weighted summation over atomic ED distributions which are described in terms of series of squared 1s Gaussian functions fitted from atomic basis set representations. In order to calculate smoothed versions of the promolecular ED function, the ASA approach is coupled with the formalism developed by Kostrowicki et al. [J. Kostrowicki, L. Piela, B. J. Cherayil, H. A. Scheraga, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 4113-4119 (1991)] wherein deformed versions of the ED distribution are expressed as solutions of the diffusion equation.

For each of the so-calculated ED maps, the local maxima of the ED function are determined using a hierarchical clustering algorithm wherein peaks obtained at a given resolution are used as starting points for discovering peaks at the next lower resolution level [Y. Leung, J.-S. Zhang, Z.-B. Xu, IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 22, 1396-1410 (2000)]. In the so-obtained hierarchical description, peaks at a given resolution level are linked to those obtained at the next lower resolution through gradient trajectories of the ED function.

Original language | English |
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Publication status | Published - Sep 2002 |

Event | 4th European Conference on Computational Chemistry - Assise, Italie Duration: 1 Sep 2002 → … |

### Symposium

Symposium | 4th European Conference on Computational Chemistry |
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City | Assise, Italie |

Period | 1/09/02 → … |

## Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hierarchical description of molecular structures based on multiresolution representations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

## Projects

- 1 Active

## Multiresolution analysis of electron density maps

LEHERTE, L., Vercauteren, D. & Meurice, N.

1/09/95 → …

Project: Research

## Activities

- 1 Participation in conference

## 4th European Conference on Computational Chemistry

Laurence Leherte (Contributor)

1 Sep 2002 → 6 Sep 2002

Activity: Participating in or organising an event types › Participation in conference

## Cite this

Leherte, L., & Vercauteren, D. (2002).

*Hierarchical description of molecular structures based on multiresolution representations*. Poster session presented at 4th European Conference on Computational Chemistry, Assise, Italie, .