Genotoxicity and gene expression in the rat lung tissue following instillation and inhalation of different variants of amorphous silica nanomaterials (Asio2 nm)

Fátima Brandão, Carla Costa, Maria João Bessa, Elise Dumortier, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux, Roland Hubaux, Michel Salmon, Julie Laloy, Miruna S. Stan, Anca Hermenean, Sami Gharbia, Anca Dinischiotu, Anne Bannuscher, Bryan Hellack, Andrea Haase, Sónia Fraga, João Paulo Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several reports on amorphous silica nanomaterial (aSiO2 NM) toxicity have been questioning their safety. Herein, we investigated the in vivo pulmonary toxicity of four variants of aSiO2 NM: SiO2_15_Unmod, SiO2_15_Amino, SiO2_7 and SiO2_40. We focused on alterations in lung DNA and protein integrity, and gene expression following single intratracheal instillation in rats. Additionally, a short-term inhalation study (STIS) was carried out for SiO2_7, using TiO2_NM105 as a benchmark NM. In the instillation study, a significant but slight increase in oxidative DNA damage in rats exposed to the highest instilled dose (0.36 mg/rat) of SiO2_15_Amino was observed in the recovery (R) group. Exposure to SiO2_7 or SiO2_40 markedly increased oxidative DNA lesions in rat lung cells of the exposure (E) group at every tested dose. This damage seems to be repaired, since no changes compared to controls were observed in the R groups. In STIS, a significant increase in DNA strand breaks of the lung cells exposed to 0.5 mg/m3 of SiO2_7 or 50 mg/m3 of TiO2_NM105 was observed in both groups. The detected gene expression changes suggest that oxidative stress and/or inflammation pathways are likely implicated in the induction of (oxidative) DNA damage. Overall, all tested aSiO2 NM were not associated with marked in vivo toxicity following instillation or STIS. The genotoxicity findings for SiO2_7 from instillation and STIS are concordant; however, changes in STIS animals were more permanent/difficult to revert.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1502
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • Gene expression
  • In vivo inhalation
  • In vivo instillation
  • Rat lung
  • Silica nanomaterials

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