First report on microcystis as a potential microviridin producer in bulgarian waterbodies

Blagoy Uzunov, Katerina Stefanova, Mariana Radkova, Georg Gärtner, Maya Stoyneva-Gärtner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bulgaria, situated on the Balkan Peninsula, is rich in small and shallow, natural and man-made non-lotic waterbodies, which are threatened by blooms of Cyanoprokaryota/Cyanobacteria. Although cyanotoxins in Bulgarian surface waters are receiving increased attention, there is no information on microviridins and their producers. This paper presents results from a phytoplankton study, conducted in August 2019 in three lakes (Durankulak, Vaya, Uzungeren) and five reservoirs (Duvanli, Mandra, Poroy, Sinyata Reka, Zhrebchevo) in which a molecular-genetic analysis (PCR based on the precursor mdnA gene and subsequent translation to amino acid alignments), combined with conventional light microscopy and an HPLC analysis of marker pigments, were applied for the identification of potential microviridin producers. The results provide evidence that ten strains of the genus Microcystis, and of its most widespread species M. aeruginosa in particular, are potentially toxigenic in respect to microviridins. The mdnA sequences were obtained from all studied waterbodies and their translation to amino-acid alignments revealed the presence of five microviridin variants (types B/C, Izancya, CBJ55500.1 (Microcystis 199), and MC19, as well as a variant, which was very close to type A). This study adds to the general understanding of the microviridin occurrence, producers, and sequence diversity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number448
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Coastal lake
  • Cyanobacteria
  • Cyanoprokaryota
  • Cyanotoxins
  • Harmful algal blooms
  • Microcystis aeruginosa
  • Reservoir


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