Feeding and nutrition of percid fishes during ongrowing stages

Florian Geay, Patrick Kestemont

Research output: Contribution in Book/Catalog/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In the context of inland aquaculture diversification in Europe, some percid fishes, namely Eurasian perch and pikeperch, are receiving increasing attention from scientists and fish farmers. Significant improvement in the knowledge of percid fish feeding and nutrition during their ongrowing stage has been achieved during these last two decades. The relative importance of different abiotic and biotic factors on feeding activity of percid fishes was investigated. Among them, water temperature, feeding frequency, photoperiod and fish density were identified as factors of prime importance. Rearing European percid fishes at a high density in relatively warm water (22–27 °C) and fed three meals per day with a day length of up to 12 h a day significantly improve fish feeding activity, and, in the same way, the growth performances. Optimization of growth performances under artificial conditions was also investigated through the characterization of their nutritional requirements in terms of protein, lipid and carbohydrate. Depending on the fish life stage, artificial diets containing 43–50 % protein, 13–18 % lipid and 10–15 % carbohydrate cover the nutrient requirements of percid fishes and support the highest growth performance. Moreover, recent advances in the use of alternative oil sources in percid nutrition suggest a high potential of these species to biosynthesize HUFA when fish oil is replaced by plant oil rich in PUFA. In this context of fish ingredients replacement by plant sources, it could be of high interest to investigate the possibility of replacing fish meal by plant products in the future. Keywords Eurasian perch • Pikeperch

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiology and Culture of Percid Fishes: Principles and Practices
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages36
ISBN (Print)9789401772273, 9789401772266
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Eurasian perch
  • Feeding
  • Growth
  • Hufa
  • Nutrition
  • Pikeperch


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