Purpose. The aim of this work was to develop a new strategy to intro- duce poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) into methacrylate-based polymer/DNA complexes in order to produce hemocompatible particles able to transfect cells in the presence of serum. Methods. Atom transfer radical polymerization was used to synthesize a well-defined poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) homopolymer (PDMAEMA) and a poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate-b-poly(ethylene glycol) α-methyl ether, ω-methacrylate) palm-tree-like copolymer (P(DMAEMA-b-MAPEG)). The complexes obtained by self assembly of the pCMVβ plasmid and the polymers were used to transfect Cos-7 cells. Their physical properties - particle size and zeta potential - were characterized respectively by dynamic light scattering and electrophoretic mobility measurements. Ex vivo hemocompatibility was also determined. Results. The PDMAEMA/pCMVβ complexes transfected Cos-7 cells exclusively in the absence of serum. Although the P(DMAEMA-b-MAPEG) copolymer had no transfection activity per se, the addition of the latter to pre-formed PDMAEMA/DNA complexes significantly enhanced the activity and allowed transfection even in the presence of serum. The presence of palm-tree-like copolymers also improved the hemocompatibility properties of the complexes. No effect on platelet counts was observed for P(DMAEMA-b-MAPEG)/ pCMVβ complexes, whereas a decrease of platelets was clearly observed when blood cells were incubated with PDMAEMA/pCMVβ complexes. Conclusions. Such a synergistic effect of noncovalent PEGylation of poly(amino methacrylate)/DNA complexes allows a new and versatile approach to tune up transfection efficiency.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2004|
- atom transfer radical polymerization
- gene delivery